API5100 ECONOMICS FOR PUBLIC MANAGEMENT AND POLICY (3 units)
The foundations of macroeconomics and microeconomics. Topics covered in microeconomics include: the consumer and the firm; supply; demand and the role of prices; competition and the invisible hand; imperfect competition; coordination failure and incomplete information; public goods and externalities; transaction costs and property rights; income distribution and the tax system; free trade. Topics covered in macroeconomics include: unemployment, inflation and the monetary system; fiscal and monetary policy; growth, development, and living standards. Reserved for students needing to upgrade their knowledge of economics or mathematics prior to taking some courses in the program. Grading: S (satisfactory) / NS (non-satisfactory).
API5105 CONCEPTS AND ISSUES IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (3 units)
Examination of major concepts and issues in contemporary international affairs. Analysis of the history and development of international relations; major approaches to the study of world politics and global governance; key global issues affecting human welfare in terms of security, economy and environment; practices of governance in a world where the boundary between international and domestic affairs is becoming increasingly blurred.
API5116 DEMOCRATIC GOVERNMENT AND PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
Study of the making of public policy in Canada and other liberal democracies, with emphasis on how democratic institutions, norms and politics shape public policy. Topics include the workings of democratic governments, the constitutional constraints placed on their authority, intergovernmental relations, the role of the bureaucracy and its relation to the political executive, policy design and the selection of policy instruments, public opinion and agenda-setting, citizen engagement, lobbying and interest representation.
API5125 MACROECONOMIC POLICY (3 units)
Focus on the power and limitations of macroeconomic policy in promoting long term growth and in stabilizing short run fluctuations. Topics include the determination of output, employment, investment, inflation, interest rate, balance of payments, and the exchange rate. Analysis of the local and global economic consequences of fiscal and monetary policies implemented by governments. An examination of the actual conduct of fiscal and monetary policy by governments will place the Canadian experience in a comparative perspective.
API5126 MICROECONOMICS FOR PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
Systematic exposition of the principles and techniques of microeconomic theory that are most useful in analyzing public policies. Topics include the theory of the consumer, the theory of the firm, market mechanisms and general equilibrium analysis. The course will offer a general framework to improve the understanding of the resource allocation and welfare consequences associated with policies such as taxes, subsidies, regulation, and government transfers. Case studies of government intervention in the economy will be used to illustrate the concepts and theories examined.
API5135 ETHICS AND MORAL REASONING FOR PUBLIC AND INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (3 units)
Examination of ethics and moral reasoning applied to the study of public policy and international affairs. Current debates in moral philosophy and how they help better understand contemporary controversies in public and international affairs. Examination of a number of current policy debates, such as issues of justice in social and environmental policy, the use of military intervention in international affairs, and the accommodation of religious and ethnic differences in liberal democracies.
API5136 RESEARCH METHODS FOR PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
Introduction to the various methods used in policy research and to use of multivariate quantitative methods to conduct a research project. Research design, data sources and analysis. The qualitative methods examined include the use of focus groups and interviews; quantitative methods include simple and multiple regression, logistic regression, and factor analysis.
API6001 STAGE I / INTERNSHIP I (6 units)
Expérience en milieu de travail. Noté S (satisfaisant) / NS (non satisfaisant) par un professeur du programme selon les résultats du rapport écrit et l’évaluation du superviseur de stage. Préalable : permission du responsable des études supérieures. /
Experience in a workplace setting. Graded S (satisfactory) / NS (not satisfactory) by a professor in the program based on the written report and the evaluation of the internship supervisor. Prerequisite: permission of the graduate studies co-ordinator.
API6002 STAGE II / INTERNSHIP II (6 units)
Expérience en milieu de travail. Noté S (satisfaisant) / NS (non satisfaisant) par un professeur du programme selon les résultats du rapport écrit et l’évaluation du superviseur de stage. Préalable : permission du responsable des études supérieures. / Experience in a workplace setting. Graded S (satisfactory) / NS (not satisfactory) by a professor in the program based on the written report and the evaluation of the internship supervisor. Prerequisite: permission of the graduate studies co-ordinator.
API6311 PUBLIC ECONOMICS (3 units)
Public economics studies how government intervention affects the economy. Topics covered include the efficiency of the competitive equilibrium, departures from efficiency, externalities and public goods, imperfect competition and asymmetric information; issues in political economy, including rent-seeking; and the inter-temporal issues of social security and economic growth. Case studies of policies will be drawn from Canada and other countries.
API6312 PUBLIC FINANCE (3 units)
Public expenditures and taxation, mainly in Canada. Topics covered include social welfare programs; employment insurance; public pensions: old age security and the Canada pension plan; health care; education; personal income tax; consumption taxation; taxes on wealth and property; corporate tax; fiscal federalism in Canada including equalization payments among provincial governments.
API6313 MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE AND PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
Impact of federalism, intergovernmental relations (IGR), and multi-level governance on the policy process in Canada; comparisons will be made to other federations (e.g., Australia) and quasi-federations (e.g., the European Union). The course looks at both the growing role of municipal and Aboriginal governments in the policy process, the impact of multi-level governance for policy and program efficiency and effectiveness, and the implications for accountability, transparency and citizen engagement in governance.
API6314 HEALTH POLICY (3 units)
Examination of the development of health policy in Canada and selected other OECD countries. Issues covered include the funding of health-care, the role of public, non-profit, and private organizations in the delivery of health care, intergovernmental relations in this field, disease prevention and health promotion, and the impact of government policy generally on the health status of the population.
API6315 SOCIAL POLICY (3 units)
Examination of the development and transformation of the welfare state in Canada and other OECD countries. Topics covered include poverty and income support, unemployment insurance, child care and family policy, as well as pensions. The course examines the political, economic, and demographic factors that have shaped social policy.
API6316 ENVIRONMENTAL POLICY (3 units)
Examination of the development of environmental policies in Canada and selected other OECD countries. Topics covered include sustainable development, water and atmospheric pollution, the protection of species-at-risk, biotechnology, and climate change. The course examines the political and economic factors that shape environmental policy, including the interplay between domestic and international factors.
API6317 IMMIGRATION, DIVERSITY AND PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
Issues of immigration and diversity with an emphasis on public policy. Topics covered include the impact of immigration on Canada’s population and economy, its implications for public policies, diversity and conceptions of citizenship in Canada, the United States and the European Union, and attitudes towards immigration and diversity, including discrimination.
API6319 SPECIAL TOPICS IN PUBLIC POLICY (3 units)
API6331 INTERNATIONAL FINANCE (3 units)
Analysis of international financial markets and the environment in which they operate. Topics covered include foreign exchange markets (spot, forward, currency futures and options markets); purchasing power parity and the interest rate parity conditions; the exchange rate systems -- past to present (Bretton Woods and post-Bretton Woods periods); special topics such as currency and financial crises, the pricing of currency derivatives, the need for a new international financial architecture, the volatility/overshooting models of exchange rates, the European monetary system and the target zones and realignment models; the European economic and monetary union and the theory of optimal currency areas; the relative merits of fixed, flexible and hybrid exchange rate regimes.
API6332 INTERNATIONAL TRADE (3 units)
Theoretical and empirical aspects of international trade. Topics covered include the gains from trade; the causes and consequences of trade; the alternatives to free trade (tariffs, quotas and non-tariff barriers, customs unions); factor movements, growth, and the theory of direct foreign investment; Canadian trade and foreign investment policies.
API6333 INTERNATIONAL LAW AND ETHICS (3 units)
Issues in international affairs from a legal and ethical perspective. The course investigates the obligations and rights of actors in the international system, as well as the ethical and legal dimensions of specific important issues in international affairs, such as the legitimacy of the use of force, humanitarian crises and the ”responsibility to protect”, the international debt of developing countries, and the protection of the commons (e.g. oceans, atmosphere).
API6334 REGIONALISM AND INTEGRATION (3 units)
Theories and practice of regional cooperation and integration. Topics include different forms of regionalism, including economic, political and security cooperation, in the European Union, North America, and other regions of the world. The course also addresses the implications of regionalism and integration for Canada’s foreign and domestic policy.
API6335 CANADIAN FOREIGN POLICY (3 units)
Historical and contemporary analysis of Canada's foreign policy. Topics include the emergence and growth of Canada as an actor on the world stage, its evolving priorities and roles in international affairs, the relationship between foreign and domestic policies, the management of Canadian foreign policy, and current issues and challenges
API6336 DEFENSE POLICY AND MILITARY AFFAIRS (3 units)
Processes and outputs of defense policy in key Western states, including Canada. The course begins with an overview of the threats to security in the modern world and then examines models of defense policy making, before moving on to a more detailed analysis of the defense policies of selected states and how they are made.
API6337 PEACE OPERATIONS AND POST-CONFLICT RECONSTRUCTION (3 units)
Concepts and practice of peacekeeping, peace-making and post-conflict reconstruction. Topics include the history and development of peace operations before and after the Cold War, preventive diplomacy, conflict resolution, humanitarian emergencies, the role of military and civilian actors in peace operations, and the rehabilitation of countries after civil war.
API6339 SPECIAL TOPICS IN INTERNATIONAL AFFAIRS (3 units)
API6351 INTERNATIONAL ECONOMICS AND DEVELOPING COUNTRIES (3 units)
Introduction to the economic analysis of developing countries. The course will address the different tools used to measure economic development as well as the obstacles to growth and development in the Third World. Issue areas considered include macro-economic adjustment, financing development, population growth, human capital, technological progress and facilitating institutions.
API6353 HUMAN RIGHTS AND DEMOCRATIZATION (3 units)
The politics of human rights in the context of countries in the process of democratization. Topics include the historical evolution of the meaning of “human rights”; the philosophical foundations of the concept of human rights; formal mechanisms for protecting human rights; experiences of implementation of human rights legislation and enforcement; rights-based approaches to international development; the activities and policies of non-governmental organizations promoting human rights; transitional justice and institutional reform in the context of democratizing countries.
API6356 ENVIRONMENT, NATURAL RESOURCE MANAGEMENT AND DEVELOPMENT (3 units)
Examination of the relation among natural resource management, environmental protection, and development. Topics include the factors shaping the management of natural resources in developing countries, the impact of environmental and natural resources policies on the development of countries, the importance of environmental issues in the development policies of international organizations, and the impact of environmental issues on the prospect for a sustainable form of development.
API6357 CONFLICT AND HUMAN SECURITY (3 units)
Examination of the relationship between conflicts and development, and exploration of the concept of human security as an approach to both development and peace-building. Students will become familiar with key theories of conflict, with particular attention to recent theories of “new wars” in the context of globalized economies and transnational networks. Exploration of the relationship between conflict and development outcomes using case studies.
API6360 Multilateralism and International Institutions (3 units)
History and evolution of institutions of multilateral governance. Different institutional forms and practices of multilateralism, including the nineteenth century balance of power system and collective security systems-- beginning with the League of Nations and continuing with the United Nations. Dynamics of multilateral governance within regional institutions (e.g. the EU and NATO), as well as contemporary international regimes in different issue areas (e.g. economic and environmental regimes). The nature of multilateral governance in a world in which non-state actors and private authority are increasingly important.
API6361 US Foreign Policy (3 units)
Study of United States foreign policy, analyzing both historical and contemporary themes such as democracy- and trade-promotion, security issues, and the environment. Study of the changing place in the world of the United States of America as well as of actors such as the White House, the National Security Council, Congress, the military, interest groups and lobbies, the news media, and mass opinion.
API6362 Diplomacy and Conflict Resolution (3 units)
Examination, by means of a combination of conceptual and case study sessions, of the role of diplomacy in the resolution of conflict. The objective of the course is to more fully understand where conflict resolution fits in contemporary international relations and to broaden our understanding of how diplomacy, including track two processes, works as a conflict resolution mechanism. Special emphasis may be placed on particular aspects of the subject, such as track two diplomacy and its relationship with official diplomacy in the resolution of conflicts.
API6363 Politics and Conflict in the Middle East (3 units)
An overview of contemporary Middle East politics, with a focus on the Arab-Israeli conflict, in the context of domestic, regional and international dynamics, with space given to the conflicting narratives of the Palestinians, the Arab States, and Israel. The course will examine crucial issues that affect the Middle East today, such as the influence of colonialism and nationalism; the role of authoritarian rule; the role of the military in state and politics; the politics of religion and the challenge of political Islam; and the growth of democratic politics, with reference to the 2011 “Arab Revolutions”.
API6364 War and Organized Violence (3 units)
While the number of inter-state wars is decreasing, other forms of organized violence, such as civil wars, genocides, terrorism, asymmetrical wars, or international military interventions continue to be a threat to international security. This course will provide students with an overview of recent theoretical contributions to the study of organized violence.
API6365 Contemporary Security Studies (3 units)
Critical analysis of a range of transformations in the realm of security, and the challenges they present for analysts and policymakers. Study of how security has become a pervasive theme and dominant concern of modern political life, and of how traditional ideas and institutions that defined security are being challenged by dynamics that cross state borders, and involve a diverse range of new ideas, organizations and technologies.
API6399 CAPSTONE SEMINAR (3 units)
API6910 STAGE INTERNATIONAL / INTERNATIONAL INTERNSHIP (3 units)
Stage de quatre mois à l’étranger, permettant à l'étudiant ou étudiante d’observer et de participer à la pratique des affaires internationales par l'entremise du travail au sein d’une organisation gouvernementale ou internationale. Le stage comprend l'obligation de rédiger un rapport qui comporte une analyse de la manière dont les connaissances et les habiletés acquises durant le programme d'études ont été mises en pratique durant le stage. Le stage est noté S/NS par un professeur de l’École supérieure d’affaires publiques et internationales en tenant compte du rapport de l’étudiant et de celui du superviseur du stage. Préalable : réussite de tous les cours obligatoires; approbation du responsable des études supérieures API. /
Four-month internship abroad, introducing the student to the practical application of international affairs from the perspective of life and work in the office of a government or international organization. Each student prepares, as part of this internship, a report that analyzes how knowledge and skills acquired in their program of study have been employed during their internship. The internship is graded S/NS by a professor of the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs based on the student’s report and that of the internship supervisor. Prerequisite: Completion of all compulsory courses; approval of the API graduate program director.
API6999 MÉMOIRE / RESEARCH PAPER (6 units)