University education stimulates the development of many valuable skills transferable to the workplace. Employers increasingly demand a set of skills from their employees; communication, research, data use, analytical, decision-making, problem-solving, planning and organizational, responsibility, adaptability and autonomy, and teamwork skills are sought after. While they can seem limited to each program of study, skills are adaptable and extendable to a variety of situations and they can also be used to acquire other aptitudes and abilities hence ensuring the development and advancement of one’s career (to further develop your skill set, see Experience section). The list of skills below can then help in the process of choosing occupations that best fit your education and aptitudes and it can also be used to communicate your employability.
- Ability to organize, analyze and interpret scientific data
- Ability to work independently or as part of a team
- Ability to operate laboratory equipment and to employ appropriate lab techniques
- Excellent interpersonal skills
- Skills in refraction, retinoscopy scoping and tonometry
- Ability to perform keratometry
- Ability to identify the direction of a deviation using appropriate cover tests
- Ability to perform non-automated lensometry
Many graduate programs are available for people with an undergraduate degree interested in expanding their knowledge, specializing or conducting research. The graduate programs below are examples selected from the list of graduate programs offered by the University of Ottawa. While they are related to this program of study, it is important to consult the admission requirements of the programs as not all types of degrees qualify one for admission. Moreover, additional programs and other universities could be considered depending on your career plan.
Undergraduate programs can also serve as a preparatory step toward professional programs in law, medicine or teaching. Admission to professional programs is not automatic as it is important to meet various requirements – academic performance, course selection and, in some cases, the experience and the score on an entrance examination.
- Biomedical Engineering (MASc)
- Health Administration (MHA)
- Behavioural Neuroscience (collaborative : MSc, PhD)
- Chemical and Environmental Toxicology (collaborative: MSc, PhD)
- Biology (MSc, PhD)
- Bioinformatics (collaborative: MSc, MCS)
- Biochemistry (MSc, PhD)
- Earth Sciences (MSc, PhD)
Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves. By targeting a profession, it can make decisions easier during your schooling, throughout your job search and, finally, when choosing among job offers. The choices can change over time based on academic, personal, and professional paths and on the knowledge of occupations and of the labour market.
In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. If need be, additional and complementary information can be found via two online career exploration tools (Careercruisingand Choices Planner)* also designed to facilitate your career advancement. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification. They are presented by their occupational group title, in bold, followed by bulleted occupational titles specific to the program of study. Immediately after the occupational titles, the hyperlinked NOC code for the occupational group is provided. Overall, the occupations are presented side by side with their employment requirements and the establishments where to find a job.
The National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 is the authoritative resource on occupational information in Canada providing a standard taxonomy and framework for dialogue on Labour Market Information. It gathers more than 30,000 occupational titles into 500 Unit Groups, organized according to skill levels and skill types.
Occupations related to this program
Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade
- Technical sales representative
A bachelor’s degree in a discipline related to the product or service; experience in sales or in a technical occupation related to the product or service may be required
Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries
- Museum technician
A bachelor’s degree in a discipline related to museum and gallery work; on-the-job training programs may also be required
Authors and writers
- Technical writer
A bachelor’s degree in the area of specialization; talent and ability, as demonstrated by a portfolio of work; membership in a guild or union related to the occupation may be required
Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers
- Patent agent
A bachelor’s degree in a related scientific or technical discipline; a master's degree in a related scientific discipline may be required; 12 months of experience in the patent field; successful completion of examinations set by the Commissioner of Patents; applicants may also be required to be listed in the registrar of patent agents
Architecture and science managers
- Scientific research department manager
- Scientific research director
A bachelor’s degree in a scientific discipline; a master's or doctoral degree in a scientific discipline; several years of experience in a related scientific field
College and other vocational instructors
- College teacher
A bachelor's degree in the field of instruction; a master's degree in the field of instruction may be required; a certificate, diploma or degree in adult education may be required
Three years of undergraduate studies in mathematics and sciences; a four-year university program in optometry is required; licensing by the provincial or territorial regulatory governing body is required
A bachelor of science degree; graduation from an approved medical school and specific specialty training are required; completion of the certifying examinations of the Royal College of Physicians and Surgeons of Canada; licensing by the provincial or territorial licensing authority are required
University professors and lecturers
- Department head
- Visiting scholar
A doctoral degree in the field of specialization is required for university professors; a master's degree in the field of specialization is required for university lecturers; licences or professional certification may be required for professors teaching future practitioners in certain professionally regulated fields, such as medicine, engineering, architecture, psychology or law; university professors who are also practitioners in their field of specialization must have the appropriate licences or certification
Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training
- Assistant dean
- Faculty administrator
Faculty administrators require a graduate degree in a field related to the academic faculty and several years of experience as a university professor or college teacher
Although many students believe that they will pursue a career path directly connected to their university studies, quite often, graduates tend to work in related fields. Below is a list of possible related fields of work based on a given program of study. These fields present opportunities that are not typically considered as first choices when choosing a career path based on a program of study. Hopefully, this list will allow students to further consider the various fields that are loosely connected to their program of study. These results were compiled through a research of the University of Ottawa's alumni profiles which were found on the business-oriented social networking service, LinkedIn.
- Arts and Design
Experience is acquired by participating and trying new personal, educational and professional activities, where it is possible to discover preferences, increase confidence and improve skills. As for professional experience, it is acquired through volunteering, internships, self-employment and full-time or part-time jobs. And certainly, experience working on campus or in other settings adds to the set of skills acquired in your degree (see Acquired Skills section). The Employability Skills 2000+presenting the skills employers look for in their employees as well as its complementary checklist can help target experience opportunities that will improve your skill set necessary for employment. In addition to developing these skills, performing work related to your program of study can strengthen your expertise and increase your employability.
All examples of volunteer experience and potential employers were selected specifically for this area of study and according to occupational groups in which it is possible to acquire experience. Examples of volunteer organizations in Canada and abroad are preceded by a list of directories that can help to find more volunteer opportunities. Examples of potential employers in Canada and abroad have been compiled in light of events held in partnership with employers, searches in company directories and well-established rankings.
In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community Service Learning also allows students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.
- Centraide Outaouais
- Center for Global Community Engagement - University of Ottawa
- E-Blue Book – Community Information Centre of Ottawa
- United Way Ottawa
- Volunteer Ottawa
- Canadian Society for International Health - CSIH
- City of Ottawa
- Multiple sclerosis Society of Canada MS
- Ottawa Children’s Treatment Centre
- Ottawa Hospital
- Sandy Hill Community Health Centre - SHCHC
- Sunnybrook Health Sciences Centre
- Youth Science Foundation Canada
The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students’ program of studies. The examples are presented according to geographic location: Ottawa and Gatineau, Ontario, Quebec and other provinces. Employers outside of Canada are either presented under their respective country or, if they operate in more than three countries, listed as globally established enterprises. Positions are also available on campus as part of the Work-Study Program or as a career (see University of Ottawa: Human Resources).
Ottawa/Gatineau Region Ontario
- Canadian Intellectual Property Office
- Lasik MD
- National Defence and the Canadian Forces
- National Research Council Canada
- Bausch & Lomb
- Clarion Medical Technologies
- Innova Medical Ophthalmics
- Labtician Ophthalmics
Quebec Other provinces and territories
The requirements for working abroad consider factors like administrative laws, professional standards and work permits in some countries. To learn about requirements in various countries, visit Skill Clear or MyWorldAbroad (registration with a @uOttawa.ca email is required to use MyWorldAbroad).
Established globally North America (excluding Canada)
South America Europe
Asia Africa Oceania Others
Job search resources
The job search resources are designed to stimulate networking activities, develop marketing strategies and facilitate access to job postings. Networking events offer employers the opportunity to learn about the available workforce, and they give students a chance to be considered in the recruitment process. Career Development Centre offers helpful tips on networking, interview preparation techniques and different tools that can also be used to help with the preparation of resumés and cover letters.
Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities.
Canadian Provincial and territorial
- Canadian Glaucoma Society
- Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology
- Canadian Medical Association
- Canadian Ophthalmologic Society
- Canadian Society of Ophthalmic Medical Personnel
- American Academy of Ophthalmology
- American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses
- Association for Women in Science
- International Council of Ophthalmology
- International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology
- International Society of Refractive Surgery
Job search sites
Here are a few websites posting jobs available in Canada and abroad related to this field of study.
Date modified: 2016-07-27