Algonquin Family

Groups Language
Northwestern
(or Plains Group)
Blackfoot or Pied Noir (Alberta)
Cheyenne (Montana, Oklahoma)
Arapaho (Wyoming)
Gros Ventre (Montana)
Central Kickapoo (Kansas, Oklahoma)
Menominee (Wisconsin)
Mesquakie (Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska)
Miami or Illinois (Oklahoma)
Pottawotomi (Michigan, Wisconsin et Kansas)
Shawnee (Oklahoma)
Atikamek (Quebec)
Cree (Quebec, Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta)
Montagnais or Innu (Quebec)
Naskapi (Ungava, Quebec)
Algonquin (Quebec, Ontario)
Chippewa (North Dakota, Montana)
Ojibway (Ontario, Manitoba, Saskatchewan)
Ottawa (Ontario)
Eastern Micmac (Chaleur Bay, Maritimes)
Malecite (St. John River Valley)
Abenaki (Quebec, Ontario, Maine,Vermont)
Munsee or Delaware (Ontario)
Unami (Oklahoma, New Jersey)
Nanticoke (extinct in Delaware)
Algonquin Family

The Algonquin family numbers close to twenty languages (130,000 speakers), about half of which are spoken by Amerindians in Quebec. The majority of native languages are still spoken in Quebec, while the trend is clearly the inverse in the rest of Canada. Here are the six nations in Quebec whose majority still speak their ancestral language: Algonquins (Algonquin), Atikameks (Atikamek), Cree (Cree), Inuit (Inuktitut), Montagnais (Innu), and Naskapi (Naskapi).

Among the languages spoken elsewhere in Canada are Blackfoot or Pied Noir (Alberta), Ojibway (Ontario), Munsee or Delaware (Ontario), and Cree (Manitoba, Saskatchewan, Alberta).

Languages spoken in the United States include Kickapoo (Kansas, Oklahoma), Menominee (Wisconsin), Mesquakie (Iowa, Kansas, Nebraska), Miami or Illinois (Oklahoma), Pottawotomi (Michigan, Wisconsin, Kansas), Shawnee (Oklahoma), Powhatan (Virginia), Wampanoag or Massachusetts (Massachusetts), Cheyenne (Montana, Oklahoma), Arapaho (Wyoming), and Gros Ventre (Montana).

Back to top