Program Overview

Program Requirements 

Acquired skills

University education stimulates the development of many valuable skills transferable to the workplace. Employers increasingly demand a set of skills from their employees; communication, research, data use, analytical, decision-making, problem-solving, planning and organizational, responsibility, adaptability and autonomy, and teamwork skills are sought after. While they can seem limited to each program of study, skills are adaptable and extendable to a variety of situations and they can also be used to acquire other aptitudes and abilities hence ensuring the development and advancement of one’s career (to further develop your skill set, see Experience section). The list of skills below can then help in the process of choosing occupations that best fit your education and aptitudes and it can also be used to communicate your employability.


General Skills

  • Critical and Analytical Thinking
  • Verbal and written communication
  • Ability to work with others effectively
  • Problem Solving skills

Specific Skills

  • Write, modify, integrate and test software code
  • Understanding technical language, such as C++, Java, JavaScript, HTML, CSS, Python, SERVLET, and UML design
  • Strong technical abilities through repeated exposure to a variety of new and traditional technologies
  • The ability to understand the underlying principles on which physical systems and real-world applications are built on

Further studies

Many graduate programs are available for people with an undergraduate degree interested in expanding their knowledge, specializing or conducting research. The graduate programs below are examples selected from the list of graduate programs offered by the University of Ottawa. While they are related to this program of study, it is important to consult the admission requirements of the programs as not all types of degrees qualify one for admission. Moreover, additional programs and other universities could be considered depending on your career plan.

Graduate programs

Potential occupations

Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves. By targeting a profession, it can make decisions easier during your schooling, throughout your job search and, finally, when choosing among job offers. The choices can change over time based on academic, personal, and professional paths and on the knowledge of occupations and of the labour market.

In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. If need be, additional and complementary information can be found via two online career exploration tools (Careercruisingand Choices Planner)* also designed to facilitate your career advancement. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification. They are presented by their occupational group title, in bold, followed by bulleted occupational titles specific to the program of study. Immediately after the occupational titles, the hyperlinked NOC code for the occupational group is provided. Overall, the occupations are presented side by side with their employment requirements and the establishments where to find a job.

Occupations related to this program

Information systems analysts and consultants

  • Business analyst, computer systems
  • Computer systems analyst
  • Data processing consultant
  • Informatics security analyst
  • Interactive media consultant
  • Management information analyst
  • Quality assurance auditor, software
  • Security planner, systems
  • Systems integration analyst

A bachelor's degree in computer science, computer systems engineering, software engineering, business administration or a related discipline 
Completion of a college program in computer science is usually required.

Experience as a computer programmer is usually required.

Certification or training provided by software vendors may be required by some employers.

Database analyst and data administrators

  • Computer programming specialist
  • Data administrator
  • Database administrator
  • Database analyst
  • Database architect
  • Database designer
  • Electronic data processing systems analyst
  • Information resource analyst

A bachelor's degree, usually in computer science or in mathematics 
Completion of a college program in computer science is usually required.

Computer programming experience is usually required.

Computer programmers and interactive media developers

  • Computer games developer
  • Interactive media developer
  • Multimedia programmer
  • Personal computer application developer
  • Programmer analyst
  • Systems programmer

A bachelor's degree in computer science or in another discipline with a significant programming component 
Completion of a college program in computer science is usually required.

Specialization in programming for engineering and scientific applications requires specific post-secondary study or experience.

Web designers and developers

  • E-commerce Web site developer
  • Internet site designer
  • Intranet site designer
  • Web developer
  • Web site designer
  • Web site manager
  • Webmaster 

A bachelor's degree, usually in computer science, communications or business 
Completion of a college program in computer science, graphic arts, Web design or business is required.

Experience as a computer programmer or graphic designer is usually required.

Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Applied sciences policy researcher
  • Applied sciences program officer
  • Applied science researcher
  • Patent agent
  • Scientific consultant

A bachelor's degree or college diploma in a related scientific or technical discipline is usually required for occupations in this unit group.

A master's degree in a related scientific discipline may be required.

Patent agents require 12 months of work experience in the patent field and successful completion of examinations set by the Commissioner of Patents. They may also be required to be listed in the register of patent agents.

Senior managers – financial, communications and other business services

  • Computing services company president
  • Information systems vice-president 

A university degree in business administration, commerce, computer science or other discipline related to the service provided is usually required.

Several years of experience as a middle manager in financial, communications or other business services are usually required.

Specialization in a particular functional area or service is possible through specific university training in that area or through previous experience.

Senior managers in finance usually require a professional accounting designation.

Computer and information systems managers

  • Computer development division head
  • Computer projects manager
  • Data center manager
  • Director of technology management
  • Internet systems administrator
  • Manager, information technology integration
  • Manager, network design
  • Software systems development manager 

A bachelor's or master's degree in computer science, business administration, commerce or engineering is usually required.

Several years of experience in systems analysis, data administration, software engineering, network design or computer programming, including supervisory experience, are required.

College and other vocational instructors

  • College teacher
  • Computer programming instructor
  • Computer science teacher
  • Computer trainer
  • Computer training representative
  • Computer-based trainer

A bachelor's degree, a college diploma or demonstrated expertise in the field of instruction is required.

A master's degree in the field of instruction may be required.

A certificate, diploma or degree in adult education may be required.

For instructors of trades, completion of apprenticeship training and industry or trade certification are required. Additional courses in teaching or a provincial teaching certificate may be required.

Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training

  • Assistant dean
  • Dean
  • Faculty administrator

Faculty administrators require a graduate degree in a field related to the academic faculty and several years of experience as a university professor or college teacher

Post-secondary teaching and research assistants

  • Discussion group leader – post-secondary teaching assistance
  • Laboratory assistant, university
  • Laboratory supervisor – post-secondary teaching assistant
  • Post-secondary research assistant
  • Post-secondary teaching assistant
  • Tutor – post-secondary teaching assistant

Enrolment in a university or college program is required.

Related field

Although many students believe that they will pursue a career path directly connected to their university studies, quite often, graduates tend to work in related fields. Below is a list of possible related fields of work based on a given program of study. These fields present opportunities that are not typically considered as first choices when choosing a career path based on a program of study. Hopefully, this list will allow students to further consider the various fields that are loosely connected to their program of study. These results were compiled through a research of the University of Ottawa's alumni profiles which were found on the business-oriented social networking service, LinkedIn

Related Fields

  • Consulting
  • Education
  • Entrepreneurship
  • Support
  • Quality Assurance

Acquiring experience

Experience is acquired by participating and trying new personal, educational and professional activities, where it is possible to discover preferences, increase confidence and improve skills. As for professional experience, it is acquired through volunteering, internships, self-employment and full-time or part-time jobs. And certainly, experience working on campus or in other settings adds to the set of skills acquired in your degree (see Acquired Skills section). The Employability Skills 2000+ presenting the skills employers look for in their employees as well as its complementary checklist can help target experience opportunities that will improve your skill set necessary for employment. In addition to developing these skills, performing work related to your program of study can strengthen your expertise and increase your employability.

All examples of volunteer experience and potential employers were selected specifically for this area of study and according to occupational groups in which it is possible to acquire experience. Examples of volunteer organizations in Canada and abroad are preceded by a list of directories that can help to find more volunteer opportunities. Examples of potential employers in Canada and abroad have been compiled in light of events held in partnership with employers, searches in company directories and well-established rankings.

Volunteer opportunities

In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community Service Learning also allows students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.


Canada Abroad

Potential employers

The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students’ program of studies. The examples are presented according to geographic location: Ottawa and Gatineau, Ontario, Quebec and other provinces. 

In Canada

Ottawa/Gatineau Region Ontario

Quebec Other provinces and territories


The requirements for working abroad consider factors like administrative laws, professional standards and work permits in some countries. To learn about requirements in various countries, visit Skill Clear or MyWorldAbroad (registration with a email is required to use MyWorldAbroad).

Established globally

North America (excluding Canada)

South America






Job search resources

The job search resources are designed to stimulate networking activities, develop marketing strategies and facilitate access to job postings. Networking events offer employers the opportunity to learn about the available workforce, and they give students a chance to be considered in the recruitment process. Career Development Centre offers helpful tips on networking, interview preparation techniques and different tools that can also be used to help with the preparation of resumés and cover letters.

Professional organizations

Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities.

Canadian Provincial and territorial

American International

Job search sites

Here are a few websites posting jobs available in Canada and abroad related to this field of study.

Canadian International

General Job Search Websites 

Date modified: 2016-05-10