Program Overview

Program Requirements 


Further studies

Many graduate programs are available for people with an undergraduate degree interested in expanding their knowledge, specializing or conducting research. Many graduate programs are offered by the University of Ottawa. 


Graduate programs

  • Biology (MSc, PhD)
  • Biostatistics (collaborative: MSc)
  • Bioinformatics (collaborative: MSc, MCS)
  • Microbiology and Immunology (MSc, PhD)
  • Biochemistry (MSc, PhD)
  • Biomedical Engineering (MASc)
  • Cellular and Molecular Medicine (MSc, PhD)
  • Chemical and Environmental Toxicology (collaborative: MSc, PhD)


Potential occupations

Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves.

In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification.


Occupations related to this program


Biologists and related scientists

  • Bacteriologist
  • Biologist
  • Botanist
  • Microbiologist
  • Molecular biologist
  • Naturalist
  • Pharmaceutical bacteriologist
  • Plant anatomist
  • Protozoologist

A bachelor’s degree in biology or in a related discipline; a master’s or doctoral degree in biology or in a related discipline is required for employment as a research scientist in biology


Agricultural and fish products inspectors

  • Fish products inspector
  • Fruit and vegetables inspector
  • Grain inspector
  • Livestock inspector
  • Meat inspector

A bachelor's degree in biology, chemistry or a related discipline; several years of experience in agricultural production or fish processing are usually required; completion of in-house training courses is required


Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Natural and applied sciences program officer
  • Natural resources policy analyst

A bachelor's degree in a related scientific or technical discipline; a master's degree in a related scientific discipline may be required


Supervisors, food, beverage and associated products processing

  • Bottling supervisor
  • Fish processing supervisor
  • Food product testers supervisor
  • Meat packing supervisor

A bachelor’s degree in microbiology, chemistry or a related discipline; several years of experience in the food, beverage or associated products processing industry are required


Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries

  • Museum interpreter

A bachelor’s degree in a discipline related to museum and gallery work; on-the-job training programs may also be required


Technical sales specialists – wholesale trade

  • Technical sales representative

A bachelor’s degree in a discipline related to the product or service; experience in sales or in a technical occupation related to the product or service may be required


Other professional occupations in social science, n.e.c.

  • Biological anthropologist

A bachelor’s degree in biology or a related discipline; a master’s or doctoral degree in anthropology; professors of anthropology require a doctoral degree



  • Biochemist

A bachelor’s degree in biochemistry or a closely related field such as chemistry or biology; a master’s or doctoral degree in biochemistry is required for employment as a research scientist; provincial licensing is compulsory in Quebec and voluntary in Ontario and Alberta


Architecture and science managers

  • Scientific research department  manager
  • Scientific research director

A bachelor’s degree in a scientific discipline; a master's or doctoral degree in a scientific discipline; several years of experience in a related scientific field


Mathematicians, statisticians and actuaries

  • Epidemiologist

A bachelor’s degree in biology, chemistry, mathematics, statistics, or a related discipline; a master’s degree in public health, epidemiology, or biostatistics is required; academic and senior level positions require a doctoral degree


College and other vocational instructors

  • College teacher

A bachelor's degree in the field of instruction; a master's degree in the field of instruction may be required; a certificate, diploma or degree in adult education may be required


Administrators – post-secondary education and vocational training

  • Assistant dean
  • Dean
  • Faculty administrator

Faculty administrators require a graduate degree in a field related to the academic faculty and several years of experience as a university professor or college teacher


Acquiring experience

Experience is acquired by participating and trying new personal, educational and professional activities, where it is possible to discover preferences, increase confidence and improve skills. As for professional experience, it is acquired through volunteering, internships, self-employment and full-time or part-time jobs. In addition to developing these skills, performing work related to your program of study can strengthen your expertise and increase your employability.


Volunteer opportunities

In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community engagement services help students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.


Potential employers

The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students’ program of studies. It is also useful to browse potential employers website to learn about the culture, read job postings and keep up to late with the latest development.

  • Agricultural Institute of Canada
  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • BioTalent
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency
  • Canadian Intellectual Property Office
  • Canadian museum of Nature
  • Canadian Society for Molecular Biosciences - CSMB
  • Environment and Climate Change Canada
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Health Canada
  • Iogen Corporation
  • National Capital Commission
  • National Research council Canada
  • Natural Resources Canada
  • Natural Sciences en Engineering Research Council of Canada
  • Public Health agency of Canada
  • Genomadix
  • VBI Vaccines Inc.
  • Credit Valley Conservation
  • Ingredion
  • Maxxam Analytics
  • Ministry of Natural Resources and Forestry
  • Public Health Ontario
  • Rideau Valley Conservation Authority
  • Roche
  • The Living City
  • The McGraw-Hill Companies
  • Toronto Zoo
  • Trillium Therapeutics - tti
  • World Wildlife Fund

Quebec Other provinces and territories

  • Boehringer Ingelheim
  • Bristol-Myers Squibb Canada
  • DNA Landmarks
  • Imperial Tobacco
  • Charles River
  • Merck
  • MethylGene
  • Novartis
  • Sandoz
  • Acadian Seaplants
  • BioAlberta
  • BioAtlantech
  • BioVectra
  • Ducks Unlimited Canada
  • Emergent Biosolutions
  • EnGene
  • Fisheries and Oceans Canada
  • Sylvar Technologies
  • Viterra

North America (excluding Canada)

  • Abbott
  • BASF
  • Cargill
  • Johnson & Johnson
  • Monsanto
  • Syngenta
  • VWR Life Science 
  • Anachemia Science
  • Carolina Biological
  • Perkin Elmer
  • Eisai
  • Genentech
  • Pioneer
  • Signum Biosciences

South America


  • Arkema
  • Bachem
  • Flamel Technologies
  • Lohmann Animal Health
  • Sanofi Pasteur



  • Biotech Desk
  • Cadila Pharmaceutical
  • Eli Lilly and Company
  • TaiGen Biotechnology


Job search resources

The job search resources are designed to stimulate networking activities, develop marketing strategies and facilitate access to job postings. Networking events offer employers the opportunity to learn about the available workforce, and they give students a chance to be considered in the recruitment process. Career Development Centre offers helpful tips on networking, interview preparation techniques and different tools that can also be used to help with the preparation of resumés and cover letters.


Professional organizations

Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities. They are a great source of information.

Canadian Provincial and territorial

  • Agriculture and Agri-Food Canada
  • Alberta Society of Professional Biologists
  • Association des biologistes du Québec - ABQ
  • Association of Professional Biology
  • BioTalent Canada
  • BIOTECanada
  • Canadian Association for Anatomy, Neurobiology and Cell Biology
  • Canadian Association for Biological Safety
  • Canadian Association of Pathologists
  • Canadian Federation of Biological Societies
  • Canadian Food Inspection Agency - Plant Biosafety Office
  • Canadian Policy Research Networks - CPRN
  • Canadian Society for Chronobiology
  • Canadian Society for Ecology and Evolution
  • Canadian Society for Environmental Biologists - CSEB
  • Canadian Society for Systems Biology
  • Canadian Society of Zoologists
  • Toronto and Region Conservation Authority - TRCA

American International

  • American Institute of Biological Sciences
  • American Professional Societies in Biological Sciences
  • American Society for Cell Biology
  • American Society of Plant Biologists
  • Botanical Society of America - BSA
  • Federation of American Societies for Experimental Biology - FASEB
  • National Science Foundation 
  • Society for Conservation Biology
  • Society for Integrative and Comparative Biology
  • Society of Environmental Toxicology and Chemistry







Date modified : 2022-08-24