Program overview

Program Requirements

Acquired skills

University education stimulates the development of many valuable skills transferable to the workplace. Employers increasingly demand a set of skills from their employees; communication, research, data use, analytical, decision-making, problem-solving, planning and organizational, responsibility, adaptability and autonomy, and teamwork skills are sought after. While they can seem limited to each program of study, skills are adaptable and extendable to a variety of situations and they can also be used to acquire other aptitudes and abilities hence ensuring the development and advancement of ones career (to further develop your skill set, see Experience section). The list of skills below can then help in the process of choosing occupations that best fit your education and aptitudes and it can also be used to communicate your employability.

Skills [Coming soon]

Further studies

Many graduate programs are available for people with an undergraduate degree interested in expanding their knowledge, specializing or conducting research. The graduate programs below are examples selected from the list of graduate programs offered by the University of Ottawa. While they are related to this program of study, it is important to consult the admission requirements of the programs as not all types of degrees qualify one for admission. Moreover, additional programs and other universities could be considered depending on your career plan.

Graduate programs

Potential occupations

Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves. By targeting a profession, it can make decisions easier during your schooling, throughout your job search and, finally, when choosing among job offers. The choices can change over time based on academic, personal, and professional paths and on the knowledge of occupations and of the labour market.

In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. If need be, additional and complementary information can be found via two online career exploration tools (Careercruising and Choices Planner)* also designed to facilitate your career advancement. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification. They are presented by their occupational group title, in bold, followed by bulleted occupational titles specific to the program of study. Immediately after the occupational titles, the hyperlinked NOC code for the occupational group is provided. Overall, the occupations are presented side by side with their employment requirements and the establishments where to find a job.

The National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 is the authoritative resource on occupational information in Canada providing a standard taxonomy and framework for dialogue on Labour Market Information. It gathers more than 30,000 occupational titles into 500 Unit Groups, organized according to skill levels and skill types.

Occupations related to this program

Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Community social development officer
  • International aid and development project officer
  • Labour market analyst
  • Lobbyist
  • Policy analyst, immigration
  • Poverty researcher
  • Project officer, international aid and development
  • Social policy researcher

A bachelor's degree or college diploma in a social science or related discipline, or in business administration is usually required; a master's degree in a social science or related discipline or in business administration may be required.

Business development officers and marketing researchers and consultants

  • Commerce officer
  • Economic development consultant
  • Economic development officer
  • Economic forecaster
  • Economic research officer
  • Industrial development officer

A bachelor's degree in economics or in a related discipline; certification as a certified economic developer (Ec.D.) may be required

Administrative officers

  • Administration officer
  • Administrative analyst
  • Business service officer
  • Financial assistance officer

A university degree or college diploma in business or public administration may be required; experience in a senior clerical or executive secretarial position related to office administration is usually required; project management certification may be required by some employers

Purchasing agents and officer

  • Contract negotiator
  • Procurement officer
  • Purchasing officer
  • Supply officer, government

A bachelor’s degree in economics or a related discipline; purchasing agents and officers purchasing specialized materials or business services may require a related university degree; a certificate from the Purchasing Management Association of Canada may be required; previous experience as a purchasing clerk or as an administrative clerk may be required

Government managers economic analysis, policy development and program administration

  • Economic development co-ordinator
  • Governmental economic development director
  • Trade development director

A bachelor's degree in economics, business administration, commerce or public administration is required; a master's degree in economics or a related field may be required; several years of experience as an economist or socio-economic research expert, economic development officer

Economists and economic policy researchers and analysts

  • Economic advisor
  • Economic analyst
  • Economist
  • Financial Economist
  • International trade economist
  • Labour economist
  • Tax economist

A bachelors degree in economics; a masters degree in economics or in a related discipline such as business administration or statistics may be required; a doctorate in economics may be required

Senior government managers and officials

  • Inspector general of financial institution
  • Municipal administrator
  • Territorial commissioner
  • Trade commissioner

A bachelors degree is usually required; a graduate degree in a related field may be required; several years of managerial experience in the public or private sector are required

Financial and investment analyst

  • Financial Research Analyst
  • Money market analyst

A bachelor's degree in commerce, business administration or economics; on-the-job training and industry courses and programs are usually required; some employers require a Master of Business Administration (MBA) degree; professional designation as a Chartered Financial Analyst (CFA) can be earned from the CFA institute after four years of work experience and the successful completion of three different exams

Program officers unique to government

  • Federal and provincial relations officer
  • Foreign service officer
  • Intergovernmental affairs officer

A bachelor's degree in any discipline; a master's degree may be required; several years of experience as a researcher, consultant or program administrator may be required; successful completion of a written exam administered at sites across Canada each fall; screening by the Foreign Affairs and International Trade Canada (DFAIT); new hires will enter the Foreign Service Development Training Program (FSDP)

Government managers health and social policy development and program administration

  • Administrator, welfare services government services
  • Chief, claims and benefits control employment insurance
  • District administrator, income security government services

A bachelor's degree in a social science discipline, such as sociology or economics, or an administrative discipline, such as public administration, is required; graduate degree in a social science or an administrative discipline may be required and several years of experience as asocial policy researcher, consultant or program officerare usually required

Administrators post-secondary education and vocational training

  • Assistant dean
  • Dean
  • Faculty administrator

Faculty administrators require a graduate degree in a field related to the academic faculty and several years of experience as a university professor or college teacher

Related field

Although many students believe that they will pursue a career path directly connected to their university studies, quite often, graduates tend to work in related fields. Below is a list of possible related fields of work based on a given program of study. These fields present opportunities that are not typically considered as first choices when choosing a career path based on a program of study. Hopefully, this list will allow students to further consider the various fields that are loosely connected to their program of study. These results were compiled through a research of the University of Ottawa's alumni profiles which were found on the business-oriented social networking service, LinkedIn

Related Fields

  • Operations
  • Education
  • Media and Communication
  • Legal
  • Program and Project Management 

Acquiring experience

Experience is acquired by participating and trying new personal, educational and professional activities, where it is possible to discover preferences, increase confidence and improve skills. As for professional experience, it is acquired through volunteering, internships, self-employment and full-time or part-time jobs. And certainly, experience working on campus or in other settings adds to the set of skills acquired in your degree (see Acquired Skills section). The Employability Skills 2000+ presenting the skills employers look for in their employees as well as its complementary checklist can help target experience opportunities that will improve your skill set necessary for employment. In addition to developing these skills, performing work related to your program of study can strengthen your expertise and increase your employability.

All examples of volunteer experience and potential employers were selected specifically for this area of study and according to occupational groups in which it is possible to acquire experience. Examples of volunteer organizations in Canada and abroad are preceded by a list of directories that can help to find more volunteer opportunities. Examples of potential employers in Canada and abroad have been compiled in light of events held in partnership with employers, searches in company directories and well-established rankings.

Volunteer opportunities

In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community Service Learning also allows students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.


Canada Abroad

Potential employers

The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students program of studies. The examples are presented according to geographic location: Ottawa and Gatineau, Ontario, Quebec and other provinces. 

In Canada

Ottawa/Gatineau Region Ontario

Quebec Other provinces and territories


The requirements for working abroad consider factors like administrative laws, professional standards and work permits in some countries. To learn about requirements in various countries, visit Skill Clear or MyWorldAbroad (registration with a email is required to use MyWorldAbroad).

Established globally

North America (excluding Canada)

South America



Job search resources

The job search resources are designed to stimulate networking activities, develop marketing strategies and facilitate access to job postings. Networking events offer employers the opportunity to learn about the available workforce, and they give students a chance to be considered in the recruitment process. Career Development Centre offers helpful tips on networking, interview preparation techniques and different tools that can also be used to help with the preparation of resumés and cover letters.

Professional organizations

Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities.

Canadian Provincial and territorial

American International

Job search sites

Here are a few websites posting jobs available in Canada and abroad related to this field of study.

Canadian International

General Job Search Websites