Potential occupations

Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves. By targeting a profession, it can make decisions easier during your schooling, throughout your job search and, finally, when choosing among job offers. The choices can change over time based on academic, personal, and professional paths and on the knowledge of occupations and of the labour market.

In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. If need be, additional and complementary information can be found via two online career exploration tools (Careercruisingand Choices Planner)* also designed to facilitate your career advancement. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification.

Technical occupations related to museums and art galleries

  • Museum technician

Authors and writers

  • Technical writer

Natural and applied science policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Patent agent

Architecture and science managers

  • Scientific research department  manager
  • Scientific research director

College and other vocational instructors

  • College teacher


Three years of undergraduate studies in mathematics and sciences; a four-year university program in optometry is required; licensing by the provincial or territorial regulatory governing body is required

Specialist physicians

  • Ophthalmologist

Volunteer opportunities

In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community Service Learning also allows students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.

Potential employers

The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students’ program of studies. The examples are presented according to geographic location: Ottawa and Gatineau, Ontario, Quebec and other provinces. 

  • Canadian Intellectual Property Office
  • Lasik MD
  • National Defence and the Canadian Forces
  • National Research Council Canada
  • Alcon
  • Bausch & Lomb
  • Clarion Medical Technologies
  • Innova Medical Ophthalmics
  • Labtician Ophthalmics
  • Pfizer
  • I-Med Pharma
  • Merck Frosst
  • Novartis Ophthalmics
  • Oculo-plastik
  • Eyelogic Systems
  • Gimbel Eye Centre
  • Pacific Medical Technologies
  • Abbott Medical Optics
  • Dutch Ophthalmic - DORC
  • Leica Microsystems
  • Optos
  • Staar Surgical
  • TearLab
  • Genentech
  • New World Medical: Ahmed Glaucoma Valve
  • Nidek
  • Pearle Vision
  • Synergetics
  • Transcend Medical

Professional organizations

Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities.

  • Canadian Glaucoma Society
  • Canadian Journal of Ophthalmology
  • Canadian Medical Association
  • Canadian Ophthalmologic Society
  • Canadian Society  of Ophthalmic Medical Personnel
  • American Academy of Ophthalmology
  • American Society of Ophthalmic Registered Nurses
  • Association for Women in Science 
  • International Council of Ophthalmology
  • International Society of Geographical and Epidemiological Ophthalmology 
  • International Society of Refractive Surgery
  • Joint Commission of Allied Health Personnel in Ophthalmology
  • The American Society of Ophthalmic Plastic and Reconstructive Surgery

Date modified: 2023-07-19