Program overview

Program Requirements

Acquired skills

University education stimulates the development of many valuable skills transferable to the workplace. Employers increasingly demand a set of skills from their employees; communication, research, data use, analytical, decision-making, problem-solving, planning and organizational, responsibility, adaptability and autonomy, and teamwork skills are sought after. While they can seem limited to each program of study, skills are adaptable and extendable to a variety of situations and they can also be used to acquire other aptitudes and abilities hence ensuring the development and advancement of ones career (to further develop your skill set, see Experience section). The list of skills below can then help in the process of choosing occupations that best fit your education and aptitudes and it can also be used to communicate your employability.

Skills [Coming soon]

Further studies

Many graduate programs are available for people with an undergraduate degree interested in expanding their knowledge, specializing or conducting research. The graduate programs below are examples selected from the list of graduate programs offered by the University of Ottawa. While they are related to this program of study, it is important to consult the admission requirements of the programs as not all types of degrees qualify one for admission. Moreover, additional programs and other universities could be considered depending on your career plan.

Professional programs

Potential occupations

Universities studies lead to multiple occupations. Furthermore, certain professions require talent, special aptitudes, additional skills and experience beyond degrees themselves. By targeting a profession, it can make decisions easier during your schooling, throughout your job search and, finally, when choosing among job offers. The choices can change over time based on academic, personal, and professional paths and on the knowledge of occupations and of the labour market.

In order to list your choices, visit the Job Bank Canada website and, using the National Occupational Classification (NOC) codes, view job postings, wages, employment prospects and other important information that can help you make a decision. If need be, additional and complementary information can be found via two online career exploration tools (Careercruising and Choices Planner)* also designed to facilitate your career advancement. The occupations found below are examples derived from the National Occupational Classification. They are presented by their occupational group title, in bold, followed by bulleted occupational titles specific to the program of study. Immediately after the occupational titles, the hyperlinked NOC code for the occupational group is provided. Overall, the occupations are presented side by side with their employment requirements and the establishments where to find a job.

The National Occupational Classification (NOC) 2016 is the authoritative resource on occupational information in Canada providing a standard taxonomy and framework for dialogue on Labour Market Information. It gathers more than 30,000 occupational titles into 500 Unit Groups, organized according to skill levels and skill types.

Occupations related to this program

Statistical officers and related research support occupations

  • Social research assistant (except university)
  • Social science research assistant (except university)

A bachelors degree in a social discipline; progression to supervisory positions is possible with experience; progression to professional occupations in statistics and research usually requires completion of a post-graduate degree

Social and community service workers

  • Social rehabilitation officer
  • Social services worker
  • Women's centre coordinator
  • Women's shelter supervisor

A bachelors degree in a related social science disciplines; social service workers may be required to be a member of a provincial regulatory body in some provinces

Social policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Social services consultant
  • Social services planner
  • Social welfare advisor
  • Social welfare research officer
  • Visible minorities policy officer
  • Workers' compensation officer

A bachelors degree in a social science or related discipline;a master's degree in a social science or related discipline or in business administration may be required;progression to managerial positions is possible with experience 

Employment insurance, immigration, border services and revenue officers

  • Immigration agent

A bachelor's degree is usually required; several years of related administrative or regulatory experience may be required; completion of specialized government training is required

Police officers (except commissioned)

  • Police officer
  • Police sergeant

A bachelors degree in the social sciences; a three- to six-month police training program is provided; physical agility, strength, fitness and vision requirements must be met; psychological or other tests may also be required; experience as a constable and the completion of specialized courses are required for detectives and sergeants

Commissioned police officers

  • Royal Canadian Mounted Police (RCMP) commissioner

A bachelors degree in the social sciences; several years of experience as a police officer is required

Other managers in public administration

  • Federal-provincial relations director
  • Intergovernmental  affairs director

A bachelor's degree in a social science discipline; many years of experience in developing government policies, research or program administration or in a profession related to the social sciences, law, or business administration

Government managers health and social policy development and program administration

  • Social services director government services
  • Social services planning manager government services

A bachelors degree in a social science discipline; a graduate degree in a social science or an administrative discipline may be required; several years of experience as a social policy researcher, consultant or program officer are usually required

Managers in social, community and correctional services

  • Social services centre director
  • Social services centre manager
  • Social services department head
  • Social services director

A bachelors degree in a social science discipline; a master's degree in a social science or administrative discipline; several years of experience in a related occupation, such as a community and social service worker, social or health policy researcher, consultant or program officer, probation or parole officer, or social worker

Educational counselors

A bachelor's degree in social sciences or education is required for counselors in school settings; a master's degree in counseling or a related field such as educational psychology, developmental psychology or social work is usually required; a teacher's certificate from the province of employment and some teaching experience is usually required for counselors in school settings

Education policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Education policy officer
  • Education program co-ordinator
  • Education program officer

A bachelors degree in social science; a masters degree in education may be required; a teacher's certificate for the province of employment is usually required when employed by provincial education ministries; several years of experience as a school teacher are usually required

Probation and parole officers and related occupations

  • Parole officer
  • Probation officer

A bachelors degree in a related social science discipline; a master's degree in social work, criminology, psychology or other related social science discipline may be required

Family, marriage and other related counselors

  • Bereavement counsellor
  • Psycho educator
  • Registered clinical counsellor
  • Registered marriage and family therapist

A bachelors degree in a related social science discipline; a master's degree in counselling, mental health or a related discipline in social services, with a period of supervised clinical work with clients; in some provinces, such as in Quebec, membership in Ordre des conseillers et des conseillères d'orientation et des psychoéducateurs et psychoéducatrices du Québec, or in Ontario, the Ontario Association for Marriage and Family Therapy, and in Canada, membership in the Canadian Counselling and Psychotherapy Association

Health policy researchers, consultants and program officers

  • Health policy research analyst
  • Health promotion program officer
  • Health services researcher

A bachelors degree in social science; a graduate degree in health, social science or an administrative discipline may be required; several years of experience in the health field as a health care professional or as a community or social service worker are usually required

Administrators post-secondary education and vocational training

  • Assistant dean
  • Dean
  • Faculty administrator

Faculty administrators require a graduate degree in a field related to the academic faculty and several years of experience as a university professor or college teacher

Related field

Although many students believe that they will pursue a career path directly connected to their university studies, quite often, graduates tend to work in related fields. Below is a list of possible related fields of work based on a given program of study. These fields present opportunities that are not typically considered as first choices when choosing a career path based on a program of study. Hopefully, this list will allow students to further consider the various fields that are loosely connected to their program of study. These results were compiled through a research of the University of Ottawa's alumni profiles which were found on the business-oriented social networking service, LinkedIn

Related Fields

  • Education
  • Consulting
  • Media and Communication
  • Legal
  • Administrative

Acquiring experience

Experience is acquired by participating and trying new personal, educational and professional activities, where it is possible to discover preferences, increase confidence and improve skills. As for professional experience, it is acquired through volunteering, internships, self-employment and full-time or part-time jobs. And certainly, experience working on campus or in other settings adds to the set of skills acquired in your degree (see Acquired Skills section). The Employability Skills 2000+ presenting the skills employers look for in their employees as well as its complementary checklist can help target experience opportunities that will improve your skill set necessary for employment. In addition to developing these skills, performing work related to your program of study can strengthen your expertise and increase your employability.

All examples of volunteer experience and potential employers were selected specifically for this area of study and according to occupational groups in which it is possible to acquire experience. Examples of volunteer organizations in Canada and abroad are preceded by a list of directories that can help to find more volunteer opportunities. Examples of potential employers in Canada and abroad have been compiled in light of events held in partnership with employers, searches in company directories and well-established rankings.

Volunteer opportunities

In addition to providing an opportunity to apply theories and knowledge learned during your university studies outside the classroom, in real world situations, volunteering is a way to help the community and its many organizations. The Community Service Learning also allows students to contribute to their community by participating in projects that are related to their program of study.


Canada Abroad

Potential employers

The following examples of employers can offer internships or employment opportunities related to students’ program of studies. The examples are presented according to geographic location: Ottawa and Gatineau, Ontario, Quebec and other provinces.

In Canada

Ottawa/Gatineau Region Ontario

Quebec Other provinces and territories


The requirements for working abroad consider factors like administrative laws, professional standards and work permits in some countries. To learn about requirements in various countries, visit Skill Clear or MyWorldAbroad (registration with a email is required to use MyWorldAbroad).

Established globally

North America (excluding Canada)

South America


Job search resources

The job search resources are designed to stimulate networking activities, develop marketing strategies and facilitate access to job postings. Networking events offer employers the opportunity to learn about the available workforce, and they give students a chance to be considered in the recruitment process. Career Development Centre offers helpful tips on networking, interview preparation techniques and different tools that can also be used to help with the preparation of resumés and cover letters.

Professional organizations

Examples of professional organizations, presented by location, provide essential information on professional development opportunities and networking activities, the examples can also provide access to publications and job opportunities.

Canadian Provincial and territorial

American International

Job search sites

Here are a few websites posting jobs available in Canada and abroad related to this field of study.

Canadian International

General Job Search Websites