Diane Ste-Marie
Diane Ste-Marie
Emeritus Professor

PhD Cognitive Psychology, McMaster (1993)
MSc Psychomotor Learning, McMaster (1989)
Bed Physical Education McGill (1986)


Diane Ste-Marie is a professor at the University of Ottawa in the School of Human Kinetics. Her research interests span a number of areas related to motor skill acquisition and performance. She has served as president of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity and the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, associate editor for Frontiers in Psychology: Movement Science and Sport Psychology and an editorial board member of Psychology of Sport and Exercise. She is currently associate editor of the Journal of Motor Learning and Development.

Research interests

Examining variables that enhance motor skill acquisition and motor performance


  • Member of the North American Society for the Psychology of Sport and Physical Activity
  • Member of the Canadian Society of Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology

Selected publications

Selected Book Chapters

  • Ste-Marie, D. M.  & Hancock, D. (2015). The use of observation as a method to develop expertise in coaching and officiating.  Routledge handbook of sport expertise, p.404-413New York, NY: Routledge.
  • Hodges, N. J., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2013). Observation as an instructional method.  In D. Farrow, C. MacMahon, & J. Baker (Eds.).  Developing sport expertise: Researchers and coaches put theory into practice. (2 ed).  p. 115-131, Taylor and Francis publishers.
  • McCullagh, P., Law, B., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2012).  Modeling and performance. In. S. Murphy (Ed.), The Oxford handbook of sport and performance psychology. p. 250-272. New-York, NY: Oxford University Press.

Selected Articles

  • Carter, M. J., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (in press). An interpolated activity during the knowledge-of-results delay interval eliminates learning advantages of self-controlled feedback schedules. Psychological Research.
  • Carter, M. J., Rathwell, S., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (in press). Motor skill retention is modulated by strategy choice during self-controlled knowledge of results schedules: A mixed-methods investigation. Journal of Motor Learning and Development.
  • Martini, R., Yoxon, E, Carter, M. J., Cummings, J & Ste-Marie, D. M., (2016).  Validation of a movement imagery questionnaire for children (MIQ-C). Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 22, 190-201.
  • Carter, M. J., Smith, V., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2015). Judgments of learning are significantly higher following feedback on relatively good versus relatively poor trials despite no actual learning differences. Human Movement Science, 45, 63-70
  • Ste-Marie, D. M., Carter, M. J., Law, B., Vertes, K., & Smith, V. (2015). Self-controlled learning benefits: Exploring contributions of self-efficacy and intrinsic motivation via path analysis. Journal of Sport Sciences. DOI : 10.1080/02640414.2015.1130236
  • Hancock, D., Starkes, J. L, & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2015). The relative age effect in gymnastics: A flip-flop phenomenon. International Journal of Sport Psychology, 46, 714-725.
  • Carter, M. J, Carlsen, A. N., Ste-Marie, D. M. (2014) Self-controlled feedback is effective if it is based on the learner’s performance: A replication and extension of Chiviacowsky and Wulf (2005), Frontiers in Psychology: Movement Science and Sport Psychology, 5, doi:10.3389/fpsyg.2014.01325.
  • Hancock, D., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2014). Describing knowledge strategies of elite, intermediate, and novice ice hockey referees. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 85, 351-364.
  • Vertes, K. A., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2013). Trampolinists’ self-controlled use of a self-modeling video in competition.  Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 25, 463-477.  DOI 10.1080/10413200.2012.756705
  • Hancock, D. J., Young, B., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2013).  Coach selections and the relative age effect in male youth ice hockey. Research Quarterly for Exercise and Sport, 84, 126-130. DOI 10.1080/02701367.2013.762325.
  • Ste-Marie, D. M. (2013).  Self-as-a-model interventions situated within an applied model for the use of observation.  Movement and Sport Sciences-Sciences et Motricité, 79, 33-41. DOI 10.1051/sm/2012032
  • Ste-Marie, D. M., Vertes, K. A., Rymal, A, M, & Law, B. (2013).  Learner-controlled self-observation is advantageous for motor skill acquisition. Frontiers in Psychology: Movement Science and Sport Psychology, DOI: 10.3389.4/fpsyg201200556
  • Hancock, D., & Ste-Marie, D. M., (2013). Eye movement recordings and decision-making in elite, intermediate, and novice ice hockey referees. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 14, 66-71.
  • Ste-Marie, D. M., Law, B., Rymal, A. M., O, J., McCullagh, P., Hall, C. (2012).  Observation interventions for motor skill learning and performance: An applied model for the use of observation. International Review of Sport and Exercise Psychology, 1-32. DOI: 10.1080/1750984X.2012.665076.
  • Ste-Marie, D. M., Vertes, K., Rymal, A. M., & Martini, R. (2011). Feedforward self-modeling enhances skill acquisition in children learning trampoline skills. Frontiers in Psychology: Movement Science and Sport Psychology, 2, 1-7. DOI 10.3389/fpsyg.2011.00155.  
  • Ste-Marie, D. M., Rymal, A. M., Vertes, K., & Martini, R. (2011).  Self-modeling and competitive beam performance enhancement.  Journal of Applied Sport Psychology, 23(3), 292-307, DOI 10.1080/10413200.2011.558049.
  • Hancock, D., Rymal, A. M., & Ste-Marie, D. M. (2011).  A triadic comparison of the use of observational learning among team sport coaches, athletes and officials. Psychology of Sport and Exercise, 12, 236-241.

Conferences and presentations

  • Invited Keynote: The Applied Model for the Use of Observation: Physical Education Settings. Physical Educators Symposium. Windenshein Applied University, Zwolle, Nertherlands, January, 22, 2014
  • Invited Speaker: Understanding the benefits of self-controlled learning benefits.  Seminar series. Vrieje University, Amsterdam, Netherlands, January 23, 2014.
  • Invited Wilburg Lecture Keynote: Walking in Tim’s footsteps: Research on motor learning and performance.  Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology Nov 1-3, Halifax, Canada. 2012
  • Invited Keynote:  Self-as-a-model interventions framed in the applied model of observation use.  Associations des Chercheurs et Activite Physiques et Sportives, France, Rennes October, 2011.
  • Invited Lecture: Observational learning: Enhancing both motor skill learning and performance.  Department of Kinesiology, University of Nevada, Las Vegas, April 2011.
  • Invited reactor to the symposium: “Emerging Issues in Sport Expertise” Annual conference of the Canadian Society for Psychomotor Learning and Sport Psychology, Ottawa, ON October 2010
  • Invited Presentation: Self modeling: Applications to motor skill acquisition and competitive performance. Presented at the Smart Talk Colloquium Series at the Australian Institute for Sport, October, 2010