Dr. Glen P. Kenny is a Full Professor of Physiology at the University of Ottawa and holds a University Research Chair in Human Environmental Physiology. He is a Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences and the American College of Sports Medicine and is director of the Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit (HEPRU). Over the past 27 years, Dr. Kenny has been a principal investigator of numerous large projects directed primarily at understanding the human heat stress response. His work (funded by CIHR, NSERC, Health Canada, Government of Ontario, Ontario Centers of Excellence, Mitacs and others) is unique in that it employs the world’s only direct calorimeter (a device for making very precise measurements of body heat exchange) to assess the physiological consequences of heat stress under a wide array of environmental conditions in different population groups including elite athletes, warfighters, first responders, workers, individuals with chronic disease (i.e., diabetes, hypertension, obesity), burn patients, elderly and others. His work has been instrumental in creating new and advanced knowledge, policies, standards and guidelines for physical activity and work in hot environments that includes exposure limits, hydration requirements, clothing systems, cooling interventions, heat management strategies that include advanced monitoring technologies, and others. In addition, he has led numerous randomized clinical trials evaluating exercise interventions in managing the health and fitness of individuals including heat-vulnerable workers. He has authored over 450 peer-reviewed papers on human thermoregulation as well as physical activity and health.
1994-1996, Postdoctoral Fellow, Physical Education and Recreation Studies, Laboratory for Exercise and Environmental Medicine, University of Manitoba, Winnipeg (Environmental Medicine)
1994, Ph.D. (Physiology), Faculty of Medicine, Department of Physiology, University of Ottawa, Ottawa
1990, M.Sc. (Exercise Physiology), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa
1987, B.Sc. (Kinanthropology), Faculty of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa Industry Research Chair (Heat Strain Monitoring and Management) University Research Chair (Exercise and Environmental Physiology)
- Exercise and environmental physiology
- Human thermoregulation
- Global heating and population health
- Heat stress in vulnerable populations – older adults and individuals with chronic disease
- Worker health and safety in adverse environments
- Heat management and monitoring technologies
Dr. Kenny’s current work consists of well-established independent yet highly interconnected directions of research
Research Focus 1. Understanding the mechanisms and controllers governing the regulation of heat loss in the human system – from the end-organ to the whole-body response. This research is directed at understanding the mechanisms underpinning the regulation of heat loss responses of skin blood flow and sweating as assessed by techniques such as intra-dermal microdialysis and whole-body calorimetry. This includes assessing the separate and combined influence of nonthermal sensory receptor activation (baroreceptors, metaboreceptors, etc.) on end-organ function (i.e., skin vasculature, sweat glands).
Research Focus 2. Elucidating the complex cellular response of the human heat stress response. Our work aims to evaluate the human heat stress response from the cellular level as defined by the assessment of responses related to autophagy, apoptosis, inflammation, and the heat shock response (i.e. heat shock proteins). This includes assessing complex cellular mechanisms utilizing techniques such as western blotting to analyze protein content and quantitative real-time polymerase chain reaction (qRT-PCR) to assess transcriptional regulation of these stress response systems during heat stress.
Research Focus 3. Defining the body’s physiological capacity to dissipate heat. This work is directed at explicating the integrative mechanisms governing human heat exchange during heat stress as a function of the independent and interactive effects inter-individual factors (e.g. age, sex, chronic disease (diabetes, hypertension), race, other) and intra-individual factors (modifiable within an individual over relatively short periods) both within (e.g. hydration, fitness, other); and beyond an individual’s control (e.g. heat exposure duration, sleep, other) during rest and physical activity in the heat.
Research Focus 4. Defining heat health protection policies and guidelines. We are conducting leading-edge research aimed at delineating the environmental and human factors affecting a person’s ability to live and work in the heat that includes the evaluation of physiological characteristics that contribute to increased heat vulnerability in the general population and workers. Work involves assessing the integrated physiological responses under specific situational laboratory-based studies representative of real-work conditions (e.g. simulate conditions such as elderly person sitting indoors during day-long heat wave, worker performing prolonged work in the heat) to obtain a comprehensive measure of the heat stress response in heat-vulnerable population groups including workers. The data is used to generate algorithms that are subsequently validated within the field for the creation of policies and guidelines to protect health and prevent disease exacerbated by heat.
Research Focus 5. Create heat protection technologies to safeguard health and safety. A key thrust of the HEPRU research program is the development of advanced heat management solutions in the form of technologies to manage and monitor heat strain in vulnerable population groups and workers facilitated by the exploitation of the high-resolution data acquired from our laboratory- and field-based physiological studies.
- Director, Human and Environmental Physiology Research Unit
- Fellow of the Canadian Academy of Health Sciences
- Fellow of the American College of Sports Medicine
- Affiliate Investigator, Clinical Epidemiological Program of the Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
- Member of the American Physiological Society
- Member of the American College of Sports Medicine
- Member of the Canadian Society for Exercise Physiology
- Exercise-heat tolerance in middle-aged-to-older mean with type 2 diabetes. Notley SR, Akerman A, Friesen BJ, Sigal RJ, Flouris AD, Boulay P, Kenny GP. Acta Diabetologica. . Online ahead of print.
- McGarr GW, Saci S, King KE, Topshee S, Richards BJ, Gemae MR, McCourt ER, Kenny GP. Temperature (Austin). 2020 Aug 12;8(1):80-89.
- Notley SR, Meade RD, Kenny GP. Temperature (Austin). 2020 Sep 2;8(1):12-20.
- McCormick JJ, King KE, Côté MD, Meade RD, Akerman AP, Kenny GP. J Therm Biol. 2021 Jan;95:102790.
- Fujii N, McGarr GW, Notley SR, Boulay P, Sigal RJ, Amano T, Nishiyasu T, Poirier MP, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2021 Feb;106(2):450-462.
- Kaltsatou A, Notley SR, Kenny GP. Temperature (Austin). 2020 May 24;7(4):389-393.
- Gemae MR, Akerman AP, McGarr GW, Meade RD, Notley SR, Schmidt MD, Rutherford MM, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 Nov 27. doi: 10.1113/EP089073.
- Rutherford MM, Akerman AP, Notley SR, Meade RD, Schmidt MD, Kenny GP.Exp Physiol. 2020 Nov 24. doi: 10.1113/EP089074. Online ahead of print.
- Macartney MJ, Notley SR, Herry CL, Sigal RJ, Boulay P, Kenny GP. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 Nov 17:1-4.
- Akerman AP, Meade RD, Notley SR, Rutherford MM, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 Nov 16. doi: 10.1113/EP089069.
- Poirier MP, Notley SR, Boulay P, Sigal RJ, Friesen BJ, Malcolm J, Flouris AD, Kenny GP. Temperature (Austin). 2020 Mar 16;7(3):263-269.
- McCormick JJ, Dokladny K, Moseley PL, Kenny GP. J Appl Physiol (1985). 2021 Jan 1;130(1):1-9.
- Fujii N, Kenny GP, McGarr GW, Amano T, Honda Y, Kondo N, Nishiyasu T. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2020 Oct 21.
- McGarr GW, Muia CM, Saci S, Fujii N, Kenny GP. Microvasc Res. 2021 Jan;133:104096.
- Akerman AP, Notley SR, Sigal RJ, Boulay P, Ruzicka M, Friesen BJ, Kenny GP.J Hum Hypertens. 2020 Oct 14. doi: 10.1038/s41371-020-00402-6. Online ahead of print.
- Amano T, Fujii N, Kenny GP, Nishiyasu T, Inoue Y, Kondo N. Exp Dermatol. 2020 Dec;29(12):1216-1224.
- Notley SR, Racinais S, Kenny GP. Br J Sports Med. 2020 Oct 1:bjsports-2020-102911. doi: 10.1136/bjsports-2020-102911. Online ahead of print.
- Meade RD, Notley SR, Rutherford MM, Boulay P, Kenny GP. J Physiol. 2020 Nov;598(22):5133-5148.
- Amano T, Fujii N, Kenny GP, Okamoto Y, Inoue Y, Kondo N. Am J Physiol Regul Integr Comp Physiol. 2020 Nov 1;319(5):R584-R591.
- Meade RD, Akerman AP, Notley SR, McGinn R, Poirier P, Gosselin P, Kenny GP. Environ Int. 2020 Nov;144:105909.
- Notley SR, D'Souza AW, Meade RD, Richards BJ, Kenny GP. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 Dec;120(12):2665-2675.
- McGarr GW, Fujii N, Schmidt MD, Muia CM, Kenny GP. Physiol Rep. 2020 Aug;8(16):e14552.
- Fujii N, McGarr GW, Amano T, Sigal RJ, Boulay P, Nishiyasu T, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 Oct;105(10):1720-1729.
- Amano T, Sekihara S, Fujii N, Kenny GP, Inoue Y, Kondo N. Exp Physiol. 2020 Oct;105(10):1692-1699.
- McCormick JJ, King KE, Côté MD, McManus MK, Topshee SM, Hsu HS, Fujii N, Kenny GP. J Therm Biol. 2020 Jul;91:102643.
- Rodriguez RA, Herry CL, English SW, Ramsay T, Seely AJE, Kenny GP, Shamy M. Can J Neurol Sci. 2020 Jul 20:1-7.
- Kaltsatou A, Flouris AD, Herry CL, Notley SR, Macartney MJ, Seely AJE, Kenny GP. Am J Ind Med. 2020 Sep;63(9):787-795.
- Macartney MJ, Notley SR, Meade RD, Herry CL, Kenny GP. J Occup Environ Hyg. 2020 Sep;17(9):383-389.
- Notley SR, Meade RD, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 Sep;105(9):1550-1560.
- Notley SR, Meade RD, Akerman AP, Poirier MP, Boulay P, Sigal RJ, Flouris AD, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 Sep;105(9):1491-1499.
- Fujii N, McGarr GW, Ghassa R, Schmidt MD, McCormick JJ, Nishiyasu T, Kenny GP. Microvasc Res. 2020 Sep;131:104030.
- D'Souza AW, Notley SR, Kenny GP. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Oct;52(10):2242-2249.
- Notley SR, Meade RD, D'Souza AW, Rutherford MM, Kim JH, Kenny GP. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Dec;52(12):2628-2636.
- Notley SR, Akerman AP, Meade RD, McGarr GW, Kenny GP. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Nov;52(11):2412-2422.
- Amano T, Fujii N, Kenny GP, Inoue Y, Kondo N. Eur J Appl Physiol. 2020 May;120(5):1123-1129.
- Schmidt MD, McGarr GW, Muia CM, Fujii N, Amano T, Kenny GP. Exp Physiol. 2020 May;105(5):773-782.
- Benham JL, Booth JE, Dunbar MJ, Doucette S, BoulÉ NG, Kenny GP, Prud'homme D, Sigal RJ. Med Sci Sports Exerc. 2020 Sep;52(9):1960-1965.
- Macartney MJ, Notley SR, Herry CL, Seely AJE, Sigal RJ, Kenny GP. Acta Diabetol. 2020 Aug;57(8):959-963.
- McCormick JJ, Notley SR, Yardley JE, Sigal RJ, Kenny GP. Appl Physiol Nutr Metab. 2020 Jun;45(6):679-682.
- Macartney MJ, Notley SR, Herry CL, Seely AJE, Sigal RJ, Kenny GP. Acta Diabetol. 2020 Jul;57(7):899-901.
- McGarr GW, Fujii N, Muia CM, Nishiyasu T, Kenny GP. Skin Pharmacol Physiol. 2020;33(2):86-93.