Janet Squires
Janet Squires
Full Professor

2012 Post-doctorate Knowledge Translation Ottawa Hospital Research Institute
2010 Doctorate Doctor of Philosophy (Nursing) University of Alberta
2006 Master of Nursing Master of Nursing Memorial University of Newfoundland
1997 Bachelor’s Bachelor of Nursing Memorial University of Newfoundland

LEE 418K
613-562-5800 ext. 2609


Dr. Squires’ research is primarily focused on improving knowledge translation by healthcare professionals. Her current research centers on the design, implementation, and evaluation of theory-informed and context-optimized interventions to increase healthcare professionals’ use of research and research-based behaviours as a strategy to contribute to improved patient and system outcomes. Her research program has four main foci: (1) exploring organizational context and its role in knowledge translation, (2) designing and testing theory-informed interventions to change healthcare professionals’ behaviours, (3) measurement and survey design/psychometrics, and (4) systematic reviews. She is currently involved in several nationally funded projects examining the role of context in knowledge translation and developing and testing interventions to change behaviour of healthcare professionals (e.g., increasing organ donation in adult hospitals, improving hand hygiene practice in adult hospitals, improving pain practices in pediatric hospitals, and improving resident outcomes in nursing homes).

Research interests

  • Knowledge Translation/Research Utilization
  • Organizational Context (the Work Environment)
  • Intervention Design and Evaluation
  • Measurement (Survey Development and Psychometric Evaluation)
  • Quantitative and Mixed Methods Research
  • Systematic Reviews


  • Squires, J.E, Valentine, J.C., Grimshaw, J.M. (In-Press). Systematic Reviews of Complex Interventions: Framing the Review Question. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.

  • Anderson, L.M., Petticrew, M., Chandler, J., Grimshaw, J.M., Tugwell, P., O’Neill, J., Welch, V., Squires, J.E., Churchill, R., Shemilt, I. (In-Press).  Introduction: Systematic Reviews of Complex Interventions. Journal of Clinical Epidemiology.
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Poss, J., Squires, J.E., Teare, G., Morgan, D., Stewart, N., Doupe, M., Cummings, G. & Norton, P. (In-Press). A Profile of Residents in Prairie Nursing Homes. Canadian Journal on Aging.
  • Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Hayduk, L., Geirl, M., & Newburn-Cook, C (In-Press).  Precision of the Conceptual Research Utilization Scale. Journal of Nursing Measurement.
  • Eldh, A.C., Ehrenberg, A., Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Wallin, L. (2013). Translating and testing the Alberta Context Tool for use among nurses in Swedish elder care. BMC Health Services Research, 13:68Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/13/68
  • Squires, J.E., Suh, K., Linklater, S., Bruce, N., Gartke, K., Graham, I., Karovitch, A., Read, J., Roth, V., Stockton, K., Tibbo, E., Woodhall, K., Worthington, J., & Grimshaw, J.M. (2013). Improving physician hand hygiene compliance using behavioural theories: A study protocol. Implementation Science, 8:16. Availible online at:http://www.implementationscience.com/content/8/1/16/
  • Squires, J.E., Hayduk, L., Hutchinson, A.M., Cranley, L., Geirl. M., Cummings, G.C., Norton, P., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). A Protocol for Advanced Psychometric Assessment of Surveys. Nursing Research and Practice. Article ID 156782, 8 pages. Available online at: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/nrp/2013/156782/
  • Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Deis, K., Boström, A-M., Cummings, G.C., Norton, P.G., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). A Data Quality Control Program for Computer-Assisted Personal Interviews, Nursing Research and Practice. Article ID 303816, 8 pages. Available online at: http://www.hindawi.com/journals/nrp/2012/303816/
  • Grimshaw, J.M., Eccles, M.P., Lavis, J., Hill, S., & Squires, J.E. (2012). Knowledge translation of research findings.Implementation Science, 7:50. Available online at: http://www.implementationscience.com/content/7/1/50
  • Squires, J.E., Reay, T., Moralejo, D.M., LeFort, S.M., Hutchinson, A.M., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Designing Strategies to Implement Research-Based Policies and Procedures: A Set of Recommendations for Nurse Leaders based on the PARiHS Framework. Journal of Nursing Administration, 42(5):293-7.
  • Boström, A-M., Squires, J.E., Mitchell, A., Sales, A.E., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2012). Workplace aggression experienced by frontline staff in dementia care. Journal of Clinical Nursing. 21(9-10):1453-1465.
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Scott, S., Cummings, G.C., Kang, S.H., Midodzi, W., & Stevens, B. (2011). Assessment of variation in the Alberta Context Tool: The contribution of unit level contextual factors and practice specialty in Canadian pediatric acute care settings. BMC Health Services Research, 11: 251.
  • Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., O’Rourke, H.M., Gustavsson, P., Newburn-Cook, C., & Wallin, L. (2011). A systematic review of the psychometric properties of self-report research utilization measures used in healthcare. Implementation Science, 6:83. Available online at: http://www.implementationscience.com/content/6/1/83
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Hayduk, L., Cummings, G.C., & Norton, P.G. (2011). Advancing the argument for validity of the Alberta Context Tool with healthcare aides in residential long-term care, BMC Medical Research Methodology, 11:107. Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/11/107
  • Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Newburn-Cook, C., & Geirl, M. (2011). Validation of the Conceptual Research Utilization Scale: An application of the educational standards in healthcare. BMC Health Services Research, 11(1): 107. Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/11/107
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Morgan, D., Squires, J.E., Boström, A-M., Slaughter, S., Cummings, G.C., & Norton, P.G. (2011). The care unit in nursing home research: Evidence in support of a definition, BMC Medical Research Methodology. 11:46. Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1471-2288/11/46
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Strandberg, E., Nilsson-Kajermo, K., Scott, S., Profetto-McGrath, J., Harley, D., & Wallin, L. (2011). Towards better measures of research utilization: A Canada/Sweden effort. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 67(8): 1705-1718.
  • Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Boström, A-M., Jerke, H., Cobban, S., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2011). Do nurses use research? A systematic review. Implementation Science. 6:21. Available online at:http://www.implementationscience.com/content/6/1/21   
  • Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Gustavsson, P., & Wallin, L. (2011). Individual determinants of research utilization by nurses: A systematic review update. Implementation Science. 6:1. http://www.implementationscience.com/content/6/1/1
  • Sales, A.E., Greiner, G.T., Squires, J.E., Hutchinson, A.M., Almenoff, P., Sharp, N., Lowy, L., & Yu-Fang, L. (2011). Organizational factors associated with decreased mortality among VA patients with an ICU stay. Computers, Informatics, Nursing,29(9), 496-501.
  • Squires, J.E., Grimshaw, J.M., & Schaasfma, M.E. (2011). Access to The Cochrane Library: Results of Canada’s national pilot license initiative (Abstract). Abstracts of the 19th Cochrane Colloquium. October 19-22, 2011. Madrid, Spain. CochraneDatabase of Systematic Reviews, Supplement 2011: Art.No.: CD000003.
  • Hutchinson, A.M., Milke, D., Maisey, S., Johnson, C., Squires, J.E., Teare, G., & Estabrooks, C.A. (2010). The Resident Assessment Instrument-Minimum Data Set 2.0 quality indicators: A systematic review. BMC Health Services Research, 10:166. Available online at: http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/10/166
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G., Birdsell, J.M., Norton, P.G. (2009). Development and validation of the Alberta Context Tool. BMC Health Services Research, 9:234. Available online at  http://www.biomedcentral.com/1472-6963/9/234
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Hutchinson, A.M., Squires, J.E., Birdsell, J., Cummings, G., Degner, L., Morgan, D., & Norton, P. (2009). Translating Research In Elder Care: An introduction to a study protocol series. Implementation science, 4:51. Available online at: http://www.implementationscience.com/content/4/1/51
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G., Teare, G., & Norton, P. (2009). Study protocol for the Translating Research In Elder Care (TREC): Building Context - An Organizational Monitoring Program in Long-Term Care Project (Project One).Implementation science, 4:52. Available online at: http://www.implementationscience.com/content/4/1/52
  • Estabrooks, C.A., Cummings G., Armijo Olivo, S., Squires, J.E., Giblin, C, & Simpson, N. (2009). Effects of shift length on quality of patient care and health provider outcomes: A systematic review. Quality and Safety in Healthcare, 18, 181-188.
  • Squires, J.E., Estabrooks, C.A., Wallin, L., Gustavsson, P., & Jerke, H. (2009). Reliability and validity of instruments measuring research utilization in health care (Abstract). Abstracts of the 17th Cochrane Colloquium. October 11-14, 2009. Singapore.Cochrane Database of Systematic Reviews, Supplement 2009: 1-76. Art.No.: CD000001.
  • Slaughter, S., Norton, P., Estabrooks, C.A., Boström, A-M., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G., Morgan, Degner, L., Dopson, S., Stewart, N., Rycroft-Malone, J., Teare, G. (2009). Health of health care aides in residential long-term care (Abstract). The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 13 (Supplement 1), S638.
  • Boström, A.M., Estabrooks, C.A., Norton, P, Slaughter, S., Squires, J.E., Cummings, G., Morgan, D., Degner, L., Rycroft-Malone, J., Teare, G., Dopson, S., Stewart, N. (2009). Organizational context and the uptake of best practices in long-term care facilities (Abstract). The Journal of Nutrition, Health & Aging, 13(Supplement 1), S638.
  • Estabrooks, C.A, Scott-Findlay, S., Squires, J.E., Stevens, B., O’Brien-Pallas, L., Watt-Watson, J., Profetto- McGrath, J., McGilton, K., Golden-Biddle, K., Lander, J., Donner, G., Boschma, G., Humphrey, C., & Williams, J. (2008). Patterns of research utilization on patient care units. Implementation Science, 3:31. Available online at:http://www.implementationscience.com/content/3/1/31      
  • Squires, J.E., Moralejo, D., & LeFort, S.M. (2007). Exploring the role of organizational policies and procedures in promoting research utilization in registered nurses. Implementation Science, 2:17. Available online at: http://www.implementationscience.com/content/2/1/17