Rare books and manuscripts
The Archives and Special Collections maintains collections of rare manuscripts, rare printed books, artist's books, facsimiles, pamphlets, and periodicals/newsletters.
The Manuscript Collection
The Manuscript Collection at the Archives and Special Collections is varied and includes items on a wide variety of subjects and forms. They are produced on parchment or paper and most are bound. The oldest manuscripts are dated from the end of the 15th century and the most recent ones are from the 20th century. Among the oldest manuscripts in the collection are two Books of Hours: The Hours of the Virgin [BX 2024 .A2 1450] is an example of a manuscript meant for daily use by its owner with sober writing and no illuminations. The Book of Hours for use in Rome [BX 2080 .L59 1495] was produced at the end of the 15th century and is richly illuminated with miniatures attributed to the Master of Jean d'Albret.
Rare Book Collection
The Rare Book Collection includes over 14,000 printed books from the 15th to the 20th centuries which cover subjects such as medicine, law, literature, philosophy, natural sciences, geography, science, architecture, history, arts, etc. The collection includes books published in Europe and America, but there is also a significant collection of Canadiana, including periodicals.
Incunabula and Post-Incunabula
The oldest printed books, the first books printed by typographical processes, are called incunabulum (sing.) / incunabula (plural). The term incunabula comes from the Latin "incunabula" which means "cradle". These are books published between the invention of printing around 1455 and the end of the year 1500. The Archives and Special Collections holds 5 incunabula, some of which are extremely rare. The collection also includes some fifty post-incunabula works published between 1501 and the late 1540s.
Collection of artist's books and art books
The ARCS collection of art books and artist's books is quite varied. There are several dozen artist's books, here defined first as a work of art designed by an artist, as well as several classic books illustrated by artists, illustrators and painters (more the definition of an illustrated book). The collection also includes some art books, often published by private publishers.
Collection of pamphlets
The pamphlet collection includes nearly 6,000 printed documents. The oldest pamphlet is dated 1774 and the most recent is from the 1990s. Due to their smaller size and lower quality binding (if present), pamphlets were typically ephemeral and tended to disappear quickly from circulation. The collection at the Archives and Special Collections is thus of particular importance and contains several very rare items.
The ARCS collection of pamphlets includes a large selection of pamphlets published in Canada. The oldest of these were published by the famous printer Ludger Duvernay in the first half of the 19th century, including several scholarly manuals (1822), (1829) and (1830).
Collection of facsimiles
The facsimile collection consists of more than a hundred titles of reproductions of various manuscripts and printed works, including:
The collection also includes facsimiles of 19th and 20th-century manuscripts, including:
A facsimile can be a copy or reproduction of a book, manuscript, drawing, work of art or other valuable documents, which is as identical as possible to the original source. Facsimiles are used, for example, by students or researchers for research on a source to which they otherwise have no access, and by museums and archives for the preservation of originals.
The Bernard and Sylvia Ostry Collection
Bernard and Sylvia Ostry donated books and documents from their personal collection to the Morisset Library at the University of Ottawa in 1985. This donation now forms the Bernard and Sylvia Ostry Collection held at the Archives and Special Collections.
The collection includes approximately 5,000 books and pamphlets, as well as some archival documents. It is an important resource for the study of Canadian and international history, economics and politics. The collection also includes works related to philosophy, literature, religion and the arts. Many of the works in this collection are signed by the authors.
The collection contains about 750 books on Canadian history, politics, economics, and about 400 pamphlets by Canadians or about Canada. These pamphlets include speeches by many political actors during the Second World War, as well as numerous books related to economic and statistical issues.
Among the important elements of the collection is a collection of about 275 books and pamphlets on Christian socialism, dealing mainly with the Owenist movement derived from Robert Owen's utopian socialist philosophy (1771-1858). This movement began in England and was spread in the United States by Robert Dale Owen (1801-1877) son of Robert Owen who led the utopian community of New Harmony in Indiana. Works on the development of socialism and workers' movements complete this collection. The collection includes volumes on the French Revolution and its aftermath, works by Marx, Engels, Lenin, Trotsky, books on the socialist movement in Britain in the 1930s. It includes publications of the Left Wing Book Club that were distributed exclusively to its members, as well as books by political thinkers of the time such as Belfort Bax, Edward Hallet Carr, G.D.H. Cole, John Strachey.
Another important aspect of the collection is the collection of about 260 pamphlets about the Far East from 1870 to 1938. These documents cover history, trade, the Opium issue, as well as various aspects related to culture and development. The collection includes 19 volumes from the second series of the publication.
In the literary section authors such as Geoffrey Chaucer, Shakespeare, Sir Walter Scott, George Eliot, and Charles de Kock are represented. This section also includes literary reviews and collections of Canadian poetry.