Module 3.1

Pictograms are graphic images that immediately show the user of a hazardous product what type of hazard is present. With a quick glance, you can see, for example, that the product is flammable, or if it might be a health hazard. Most pictograms have a distinctive red "square set on one of its points" border. Inside this border is a symbol that represents the potential hazard (e.g., fire, health hazard, corrosive, etc.). Together, the symbol and the border are referred to as a pictogram. Pictograms are assigned to specific hazard classes or categories. The graphic below shows hazard pictograms. The bold type is the name given to the pictogram; the words in the brackets describe the hazard. Pictograms include:

  • The flame pictogram (for flammable materials)
  • The flame over circle (for oxidizing materials
  • The gas cylinder pictogram (for compressed gases)
  • The corrosion pictogram (corrosive materials)
  • The exploding bomb pictogram (for explosive materials)
  • The skull and crossbones pictogram (for acute health effects)
  • The health hazard pictures (for health hazards)
  • The exclamation mark pictogram (for other health effects)
  • The biohazardous pictogram (for biohazardous materials)

Module 3.8

Hazardous ingredients

A SDS must identify its product’s chemical composition. If the product has more than one chemical ingredient, the SDS must list each along with the CAS identification number. This number is unique for each known chemical.

Firefighting measures

Information on fire hazardous can be found in section dealing with emergency response. The SDS will reveal if the product can auto-ignite, explode or cause other hazards.

Exposure controls

A SDS must disclose information on the product’s characteristics in case of a spill or release.

Physical and chemical properties

Depending the product, certain physical properties can be hazardous.

Toxicological information

SDS must disclose information on known toxic effects. These effects can range from immediately toxicity to chronic exposure toxicity to carcinogenicity and mutagenicity or other effects.

Module 3.9

Using the SDS for influenza virus, select the correct answers.

  1. The influenza virus can be easily inhaled when in aerosol form and infect a host, causing flu symptoms.
  2. The virus is more hazardous above 60 degrees Celsius.
  3. It is an infections material.
  4. The virus is no longer hazardous when treated with disinfectant.
  5. The virus is acutely toxic.

Options 1, 3 and 4 are correct.

Module 4.4

Supplier labels will depict :

  1. Product identifier. This section of the label lists the product name exactly as it appears on the container and on the SDS.
  2. Hazard pictogram. The hazard pictogram, as determined by the hazard classification of the product, appears near the top of the label. In some cases, a pictogram is required due to the hazard classification.
  3. Signal word. The word Danger or Warning is used to emphasize hazards and indicate the severity of the hazard.
  4. Hazard statement. This is a brief standardized statements of all hazards based on the product’s hazard classification.
  5. Precautionary statements. These statements describe recommended measures to minimize or prevent adverse effects from exposure to the product, including protective equipment and emergency measures. Information related to first aid is included here.
  6. Supplier Identifier. The company that manufactured, packaged, sold or imported the product and is responsible for the label and SDS. If additional information is required about the product, contact the organization listed.