Projects and initiatives
This multidisciplinary project will foster dialogue between scholars, government, special interest groups and the general public on pressing public policy issues related to water. The goal is to use water as a lens to identify problems created by climate change and the ramifications, and to make multi-level recommendations- national and international, provincial and municipal.
Existing policies on the management, preservation and regulation of water in Canada will be examined. Critical change-induced problems will be identified, and recommendations made to policymakers.
The initiative aims to foster dialogue and contribute to protecting our water resources as well as build inclusive and durable democracies.
Academics affiliated with the project:
Alexandre Lillo (water law)
Heather McLeod-Kilmurray (environmental law and climate change)
Eric Champagne (political and administrative structures, organizational management)
is a postdoctoral researcher with the Public Law Centre and the recipient of the Alex Trebek Scholarship for the Water Law and Governance project. His research focuses on the legal mechanisms of water governance in Canada, on how they could be continuously and dynamically adapted, and on questions of representativeness of water stakeholders.
, Ph.D. (Public Administration) from the School of Political Studies, Faculty of Social Sciences at the University of Ottawa. She is currently a Postdoctoral Fellow with the Centre for Environmental Law and Global Sustainability and the Centre on Governance, and the recipient of the Alex Trebek Scholarship.
Roxanne Guérard (Research Affiliate – Public Law Centre)
Cristina D’Alessandro (Research Affiliate -Centre on Governance)
Simon St-Onge, PhD student, Faculty of Law
Loriel Koudoha, Master’s degree candidate in Economics
Florence Robert, Undergraduate student in Law
Stéphanie Ouellet, Undergraduate student in Public Administration
Yasmine Benjelloun, Master’s degree candidate in Sociology
Coordinator, Centre on Governance: Anna Bogic
Digital Communication Manager: Mahyar Sherafat Naseri
The main objective of the university governance training and research program is to train senior university managers in developing countries to establish sound management and governance practices in the field of university governance.
This program is offered by the Centre on Governance of the University of Ottawa in collaboration with and the and with financial support from Global Affairs Canada. The program consists of two components, a training component and an action research component.
The course is structured around 10 modules presented in the form of distance learning with the support of the campus numériques de l’espace universitaire francophone (CNEUF) managed by the Institut de la Francophonie pour la Gouvernance Universitaire of the AUF. The distance courses (live webinars) take place once every 2 weeks on average and are spread over a duration of 3 hours per interactive session.
The resource persons mobilized in this program come from University of Ottawa with the support of experts from the IFGU which is one of the main partners of the training program. This training combines several methods and work environments, namely the participant requirements, theoretical input of teaching and sharing of experience with Canadian and international stakeholders. The themes covered by this program are :
- Introduction to university governance
- University leadership, engagement and strategic planning
- Management and measurement of university performance
- Governance of human resources in academia
- Fiscal budgetary and financial governance in academia knowledge mobilization
- Governance of university research and knowledge mobilization
- Governance of university internationalization
- The impact of digital technologies on university governance
- Governance of the Francophonie academia
- University governance in times of crisis
The Centre on Governance at the University of Ottawa in collaboration with the Canadian Francophonie Scholarship Program is hosting in 2020-2021 eight interns from four African countries as part of a training and applied research program in university governance. This internship program is designed to strengthen the capacities of high-potential administrators in African universities. The countries that participated in the internship program are Burkina Faso, Madagascar, Mauritania and Morocco.
The Centre is very happy to be hosting virtually the following interns for 2020-2021:
The Centre on Governance at the University of Ottawa in collaboration with the Canadian Francophonie Scholarship Program hosted in 2019-2020 nine interns from four African countries and one Asian country as part of a training and applied research program in university governance. This internship program is designed to strengthen the capacities of high-potential administrators in African universities. The countries that participated in the internship program are Burkina Faso, Ivory Coast, Democratic Republic of Congo, Senegal and Vietnam.
1. Action research
The second component of the program is a three-to-six-month field research internship at the University of Ottawa. This component is designed to allow university executives who have received a scholarship from the Canadian Francophonie Scholarship Program to take time to reflect on academic governance practices in their own institutions and develop an action plan to improve a predefined field of governance. Each of the scholarship recipients must identify a specific issue before beginning their program. Work plans are therefore individualized.
Academic supervision and career mentoring will be two fundamental aspects of this initiative. Upon their arrival at the University of Ottawa, fellows are mentored by an academic supervisor and a mentor. Academic supervisors are recruited among the professors of public administration at the University of Ottawa’s School of Political Studies. Supervisor’s role is to oversee the individual work of fellows, including the development of their action plans, and guide them to relevant University of Ottawa resources. The professional mentor supports and advises the intern in his or her professional development while advising him or her on the development of the action plan to help him or her achieve his or her objectives. This can sometimes take the form of a mini-internship of a day or two in one of the university's departments.
Once the internship is completed, interns must then implement all or part of the action plan developed during their stay at the University of Ottawa. The IFGU and the CFSP contribute to the support of interns by offering personalized coaching opportunities to provide fellows with technical and motivational support. During the implementation period, it is also planned that the fellows will be gathered in virtual sessions to discuss their challenges, issues and successes.
2. University governance in time of crisis project
As part of this plan, the COG is working in close collaboration with the Institut de la Francophonie pour la Gouvernance Universitaire (IFGU) to develop a series of videos on the theme of "University governance in times of crisis." This video series aims to mobilize testimonials from senior officials of academic institutions around the world in order to highlight the various Francophone experiences in order to share them, and at the same time to elucidate the mechanisms that make it possible to anticipate and manage risks, crises and crisis recovery, in the context of the COVID 19 health crisis. The COG contributes to the production and scientific direction of the series. All testimonials from the series can be found on the IFGU website:
The Center on Governance collaborated on the Webinar "Piloter l’Université en temps de crise" (Full video below) as part of focus 1 " " of the new cycle of webinars "" organized by the AUF in partnership with , 16 March 2021;
The COG also published a research paper on by Eric champagne and Aracelly Denise Granja. This paper addresses the effects COVID-19 has had on university operations and anticipate the long-term effect of COVID-19 will be on university organization and governance. The paper is available here:
3. Governance in Small Universities
The Centre on Governance is collaborating with the Université de l’Ontario Français on a research project studying the modes of governance of small universities in Canada and elsewhere in the world. That is, universities with student enrolments of 5,000 or less by our definition. In this research project, we are examining the role and mission of small universities and how they deploy strategies to take and maintain their place in the university institutional landscape.
Many small universities have redesigned their strategies to be more responsive to their communities and to the needs of their target audiences. Some have specialized vocations occupying niches in arts and design, engineering and science or management. Others have territorial vocations responding to specific regional needs or to serve specific communities, as is the case in Canada, particularly with French-speaking minorities. Smaller universities are particularly well placed to play such a role. They are potentially more agile because of their less cumbersome and rigid governance and are better able to respond to current training needs. In this research project, we want to look at small universities in their efforts to become more agile and less bureaucratic in their governance and draw lessons for the ongoing transformation of university roles and missions. What governance models are available to small universities? How do these models change over time? What are the governance principles that guide small universities compared to larger ones? What are their chances of success and survival?
This exploratory research work aims to take stock of governance models in small universities in the Francophonie in a more specific way, with a view to preparing more in-depth case studies to come in later phase of this research project. The research team consists of Professor Eric Champagne and Jude Nunzia, a doctoral student in administration at the University of Ottawa, as well as Professors Linda Cardinal, Pierre Ouellette and Marie-Josée Therrien of the University of French Ontario. The first results of this research were presented at the 89th ACFAS conference in the colloquium entitled: .
Adaptative Responses of Public Actors in the Context of the COVID-19 Pandemic Crisis
Context and challenges
Since the start of the COVID 19 pandemic, public sector organizations have faced many adaptive challenges. In the context of the current health crisis, it is important to analyze the strategies of government actors and how they have adapted to deal with the crisis. There are few studies examining the adaptive capacities of public governance at this time. Adaptive governance is a relatively new analytical framework for analyzing actors' responses to uncertainty. This approach is often associated with complex situations that require resilience, creativity and innovation. This approach involves focusing on the interactions between a wide range of individuals, organizations and institutions when they must respond to a crisis or emergency.
The current pandemic context offers a unique opportunity to gain crucial knowledge on this topic by studying how governmental actors (political and administrative) are adapting to the socio-economic and health crisis caused by the spread of the coronavirus. By using the notion of “adaptive governance”, we analyze the phenomenon from three angles: public policy design, federalism and multi-level governance, and global governance in order to precisely answer to this research question. Our main goal is to understand and compare government adaptation mechanisms in Canada and abroad in order to support informed decision-making in the short, medium and long term. This project primarily examines the political-administrative situation in Canada while incorporating a comparative perspective with other federalist countries. The research also acknowledges the influence and the global governance of the World Health Organization on the policies and actions of the many countries affected by the pandemic.
The Centre on Governance and its partners intend to produce knowledge useful to public decision-makers and to take exceptional steps to mobilize knowledge. First, research results will be integrated into graduate courses beginning in September 2020. Research results will also be disseminated and published in a variety of formats to reach a large variety of audiences including practitioners and decision makers. We will start with a range of research papers, blogs and educational videos along with a webinar series for quick results and impact. Then, for our medium and long-term strategy, we will produce academic papers, case studies, professional advice, and workshops, and we will develop an online course on public sector risks assessment and resilience during pandemics with the Professional Development Institute. Workshops and courses will be targeted to professionals.
We study how prepared and how adaptive are the responses of political and administrative actors to the COVID-19 pandemic crisis, taking into account the existing emergency and pandemic plans. We analyze it from three angles:
- PUBLIC POLICY: this angle examines the adaptation of public policies in light of the WHO's information/communication strategy.
- FEDERALISM AND MULTI-LEVEL GOVERNANCE: this angle examines the adaptive intergovernmental relations in times of pandemic from a comparative perspective between Canada, Australia, the United Stated and Brazil.
- GLOBAL GOVERNANCE: this angle examines how influential and how effective are the directives from global governance institutions (led by WHO) on government decisions and policies.
This project is expected to have significant scientific, educational, and policy benefits:
SCIENTIFIC BENEFITS. By exploring several complementary levels of analysis, this research contributes to a better understanding of the effects of the COVID-19 pandemic on the adaptive processes of public stakeholders, policies, and institutional arrangements.
EDUCATIONAL BENEFITS. By bringing research results to undergraduate and graduate courses and by producing materials for professional development training, the project will have a significant impact on education. The aims of this project are to encourage the integration of scientific program’s knowledge into young researchers’ own research and to enable them to join already established research team working on a topical issue. The Centre on Governance will organize a series of webinars on the main themes of this research project that will be integrated into the courses and disseminated to the general public due to the shift to remote learning. The Centre on Governance is also developing a knowledge mobilization collaboration with the Professional Development Institute of the University of Ottawa. The goal is to develop an online course on this issue for professionals in the sector.
PUBLIC POLICY BENEFITS. A crucial aspect of this project remains the knowledge transfer with elected officials and public administration practitioners with the goal of enabling them to develop better policies and to improve the next generation of emergency and pandemic plans.
The research project uses mixed methods. First, the project will benefit from quantitative data obtained through a survey conducted as part of a CIHR-funded research project in collaboration with the Université de Sherbrooke, with the participation of Professor Burlone and Professor Champagne. Second, the project will use several qualitative methods commonly used in public administration and political science: case studies, government literature reviews, press reviews, and discourse analysis.
In addition to the four research directors from the Centre on Governance, the project benefits from the collaboration with other colleagues from the Université de Sherbrooke and McGill University and the contributions of numerous undergraduate and graduate students, as well as other affiliated researchers and partners.
Professors associated with the project
- Nathalie Burlone, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa (principal co-investigator for uOttawa)
- Eric Champagne, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa (principal co-investigator for uOttawa)
- Gabriel Blouin-Genest, École de politiques appliquée, Université de Sherbrooke (principal co-investigator, USherbrooke)
- André Lecours, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa (CoG research director)
- Sylvie Paquerot, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa (CoG research director)
- Tracey O'Sullivan, Interdisciplinary School of Health Sciences, University of Ottawa (collaborator)
- Daniel Béland, Political Science, McGill University (collaborator)
- Gleisse Ribeiro-Alves, UnibCEUB, Centro Universitario de Brasilia (collaborator)
Students associated with the Project
- Nikola Brassard-Dion, PhD student in Political Science, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa
- Carl Eastin, Master's student in Public and International Affairs, University of Ottawa
- Natalia Torres Orozco, Master’s student in Droit international et politique internationale appliquée, Université de Sherbrooke
- Sabrina Beauchesne, Undergraduate's program in Public Administration, University of Ottawa
- Claire Ogaranko, Undergraduate's program in Public Administration, University of Ottawa
- Keelan Buck, Undergraduate's program in Public Administration, University of Ottawa
- Dariya Akhova, Undergraduate's program in Political Science, University of Ottawa
- David Dubinski, an Affiliated Researcher with the Centre on Governance, University of Ottawa
- Olivier Choinière, an Affiliated Researcher with the Centre on Governance, University of Ottawa
Research Centre Coordinator: Anna Bogic, Ph.D.
- Centre on Governance of the University of Ottawa
- Pôle intégré de recherche environnement, santé et société
- McGill Institute for the Study of Canada
- Forum of Federations
- Professional Development Institute (PDI) of the University of Ottawa
- Canadian Institute of Health Research
Professors Nathalie Burlone and Eric Champagne received funding as co-investigators in a research project led by the Université de Sherbrooke (Professors Mélissa Généreux, Marc D David, Marie-Ève Carignan and Gabriel Blouin Genest, Principal Investigators) addressing the influence of multi-level governance, transnational actors and public health information during the COVID-19 pandemic crisis. This research project is funded by the Canadian Institute of Health Research through the Canadian Funding Opportunity for a 2019 Novel Coronavirus Rapid Response (COVID-19) competition. https://cihr-irsc.gc.ca/f/51908.html. This project aims to broaden the issue to include the Centre’s resources.
KEYWORDS: ADAPTIVE GOVERNANCE; COVID-19; PANDEMIC CRISIS; PUBLIC POLICIES; FEDERALISM; GOVERNMENT RESPONSE
Eric Champagne, Prof. School of Political Studies and Director, Centre on Governance [email protected]
Nathalie Burlone, Prof. School of Political Studies and Lead Researcher, Centre on Governance [email protected]
Recent and upcoming publications
- Blouin Genest, Gabriel,Nathalie Burlone,Eric Champagne,Carl Eastin &Claire Ogaranko,The emergence of COVID-19 as a public policy problem: a comparative analysis of Québec, Ontario and British Columbia pandemic emergency plans and their translation into public policy, Policy Design and Practice, Received 02 Sep 2020, Accepted 20 Dec 2020,
- Généreux, Mélissa, Marc D David, Tracey O’Sullivan, Marie-Ève Carignan, Gabriel Blouin-Genest, Olivier Champagne-Poirier, Éric Champagne, Nathalie Burlone, Zeeshan Qadar, Teodoro Herbosa, Kevin Hung, Gleisse Ribeiro-Alves, Horacio Arruda, Pascal Michel, Ron Law, Alain Poirier, Virginia Murray, Emily Chan, Mathieu Roy, Communication strategies and media discourses in the age of COVID-19: an urgent need for action, Health Promotion International, Volume 36, Issue 4, 1-8 (Oxford Academic, Royaume-Uni, Décembre 2020).
- Généreux, Mélissa, Philip J. Schluter, Kevin KC Hung, Chi Shing Wong,Catherine Pui Yin Mok, Tracey O’Sullivan, Marc D. David, Marie-Eve Carignan, Gabriel Blouin-Genest, Olivier Champagne-Poirier, Éric Champagne, Natalie Burlone, Zeeshan Qadar, Teodoro Herbosa, Gleisse Ribeiro-Alves, Ronald Law, Virginia Murray, Emily Ying Yang Chan, Nathalie Pignard-Cheynel, Sébastien Salerno, Grégoire Lits, Leen d’Haenens, De Coninck, Koenraad Matthys and Mathieu Roy, One virus, four continents, eight countries: an interdisciplinary and international study on the psychosocial impacts of the COVID-19 pandemic among adults, International Journal of Environmental Research and Public Health, Volume 17, Numéro 22 (Suisse, Novembre 2020).
- Béland D, Lecours A, Paquet M, Tombe T (2020). ACritical Juncture in Fiscal Federalism? Canada’s Response to COVID-19. Canadian Journal of Political Science 1–5.
- Dubinski D (2020). Could Canada Build a Fairer Society after COVID 19?.
- Blouin Genest, Champagne, Burlone, Généreux, Orozco, Bogic. Who Global Response to COVID-19: Communicating Risk / Risky Communication, Working Paper (Rapid Results Report), May 2020.
- The WHO’s risky communication strategy created confusion around COVID-19, The Conversation July 2, 2020.
- Comment les ratés de communication de l’OMS ont semé la confusion autour de la Covid-19, The Conversation, 30 juin 2020.
- The emergence of COVID-19 as a public policy problem: A comparative analysis of Quebec and Ontario pandemic emergency plans deployment, Proposition accepted for Policy Design and Practice. Paper to be submitted by September 1, 2020
- The COVID-19 Crisis and Canadian Federalism: Number 48,
- Recherche uO Research: The Implications of the COVID-19 Pandemic on University Organization and Governance (uottawa.ca)
- How the COVID-19 pandemic may have changed university teaching and testing for good
- fiscal federalism
- accommodation of nationalist movements
- intergovernmental relations
- international relations of constituent entities (paradiplomacy)
As part of this line of research, the Centre on Governance works in collaboration with the, a non-governmental organization that shares expertise on federalism across the global network. The Forum of Federations funds a scholarship program for doctoral students at the School of Political Studies at the University of Ottawa who work on federalism.
The federalism and multilevel governance research network at the Centre on Governance organized an important conference on fiscal federalism in Canada on April 21, 22 and 23, 2021. (). The conference was entitled
Project led by Nathalie Burlone and Anne Mévellec (Centre on Governance and the School of Political Studies)
This project proposes to understand the COVID-19 pandemic both as an object of mobilization and as an element of the context for action. In the first case, the groups of actors seize on the health crisis either to contest the relevance of health measures or to use them as an additional argument that reinforces the legitimacy of their traditional claims. We have thus seen urban groups publicly manifesting their opposition to certain restrictive measures linked to lockdowns. Conversely, groups fighting against homelessness are mobilizing the current health crisis in their discursive registers to strengthen the denunciation of situations of inequality that would otherwise be present and challenged. As an element of context, the social distancing and lockdown measures related to COVID-19 adopted in Canada have greatly disrupted the functioning and activities of associations (recruitment and enrollment of members, fundraising activities, organizational capacity, opportunities for action.
These findings guide the following research question: how do the challenges generated by the COVID-19 pandemic impact and transform the discursive and action strategies of urban mobilizations in Canada? Thanks to a qualitative and comparative survey protocol, it is a question of exploring both the way in which urban mobilizations appeal to the health crisis to strengthen their registers of justification and the strategies they put in place (or not) to maintain their presence with their members (in a logic of internal mobilization) as in the political debate (in a perspective of influence of urban public action). This project has two objectives. The first, empirical in nature, aims to generate knowledge on the impacts of COVID-19 at the urban level in the community sector. The role of the municipal level is also recognized as essential in reducing the severity of the health crisis and ensuring the resilience of the local economy. The second objective is of a more theoretical nature. The choice of the territorial angle makes it possible to engage in a discussion between the analysis of public policies and urban studies to document the interdependence of public problems, social mobilizations and the territory. The territorial scale is an accessible observation and analysis laboratory that has been relatively unexplored in the literature, yet relevant in a health crisis situation.
Our qualitative and comparative methodology is based on case studies. Three stages of analysis are planned: 1) a documentary analysis (press review, gray literature) to identify the key players in the mobilizations studied; 2) in-depth interviews with key players by researchers and students in order to systematically capture the challenges encountered and strategies put in place by urban mobilizations and, 3) ethnographic monitoring of the activities of the groups in which they are part.
Call for applications
Two masters-level scholarships are offered by the Center for Studies in Governance. Recipients of these scholarships must be enrolled full-time in the Masters of Public Administration, School of Political Studies, University of Ottawa.
Those selected will be members of the Center for Studies in Governance. Their research project should be devoted to urban mobilizations as envisaged in the project described above. Successful applications will begin their program in the fall 2021 session.
How to apply
2. Send an application package by email to Nathalie Burlone ([email protected]) and Anne Mévellec ([email protected]). In electronic form (PDF document), the file will include the following documents:
- A letter of 2 pages maximum explaining the candidate's interest in urban mobilizations and presenting the way in which he or she plans to approach this subject as part of his or her master's thesis or project.
The course in Methodology for Applied Research in Public Administration aims to introduce participants to all the dimensions that guide the process of knowledge production. This course has been designed to "prepare participants for the development of a scientific article over a period of six months." The general objective of the course is to familiarize participants with a variety of methodological approaches used in the social sciences and more specifically in public administration. More generally, this joint initiative aims to strengthen the scientific capacity of African training and research institutions.
(in French only)