Tools and resources

Resources centres on campus

Academic Writing Help Centre (AHWC)

110 University
613-562-5601
awhc@uOttawa.ca

The AWHC offers many services like workshops and the opportunity to meet with writing advisers and to participate in discussion groups. It also provides you with many writing support resources:

  • paper structure;
  • sources and references;
  • grammar;
  • types of papers.

Student Academic Success Service (SASS)

100 Marie Curie (fourth floor)
613-562-5101
sass@uOttawa.ca

In addition to the services it offers through the AWHC, the SASS invites you to visit one of the mentorship centres available in several faculties and services. Student mentors are trained to guide you and are great resources for helping you succeed in your studies. The SASS also offers workshops to help you manage your time, prepare for your exams and develop the skills essential to academic success.

Library

65 University
613-562-5213
referenc@uOttawa.ca

The Morisset Library offers undergraduate and graduate students a variety of workshops and guided tours to help you improve your research skills. For example, the library offers workshops on RefWorks, a quotation-management tool that lets you organize references and prepare bibliographies in various reference styles.

How can you show academic integrity in these situations?

Authorized group work

When group work is authorized by your professor, all group members contribute to the final product and everyone’s contribution should be acknowledged. The workload should be fairly distributed. Each member is responsible for the integrity of the final product and should therefore be sure to read the final version, save a copy and check the referencing of sources used in all sections of the work.

Individual work

When you are working individually, it is important to avoid falling into the plagiarism trap. You must therefore properly document all your source material and properly reference it. Never share your individual work with anyone else, because you run the risk of being accused of plagiarism if part of your work is copied, with or without your permission, and submitted by another student.

Written tests or exams

Remember that helping a fellow student during a test or an exam by sharing answers is clearly cheating. Be careful during exams, and let the professor or proctor know if you see that a student is copying your answers.

How to avoid plagiarism (advice and concrete examples)?

Since your academic work must be based on research, you need to learn the proper way to quote, paraphrase and summarize, in order to be sure you are not plagiarizing.

Quoting

Source text: Over time technology has been instrumental in increasing industrial and agricultural production, improving transportation and communications, advancing human health care and overall improving many aspects of human life. However, much of its success is based on the availability of land, water, energy, and biological resources of the earth. Pimental, David. (1998). Population growth and the environment: Planetary stewardship. Electronic Green Journal, 1(9). Retrieved from http://repositories.cdlib.org/uclalib/egj/vol1/iss9/art10

You wrote: Research has shown that technology has been instrumental in increasing industrial and agricultural production, improving transportation and communications, advancing human health care and overall improving many aspects of human life. However, much of its success is based on the availability of land, water, energy, and biological resources of the earth.*

Problem: Most of the text has been recopied word for word, without quotation marks or any indication of the source. A correct citation must appear between quotation marks in the text, along with a reference.

Solution: Research has shown that the advancement of technology “has been instrumental in increasing industrial and agricultural production, improving transportation and communications, advancing human health care and overall improving many aspects of human life. However, much of its success is based on the availability of land, water, energy, and biological resources of the earth” (Pimental, 1998, p.6).

* Words in bold are from the source text.

Paraphrasing

Source text: Over time technology has been instrumental in increasing industrial and agricultural production, improving transportation and communications, advancing human health care and overall improving many aspects of human life. However, much of its success is based on the availability of land, water, energy, and biological resources of the earth. Pimental, David. (1998). Population growth and the environment: Planetary stewardship. Electronic Green Journal, 1(9). Retrieved from http://repositories.cdlib.org/uclalib/egj/vol1/iss9/art10

You wrote: Over time the advancement of technology has been beneficial to the areas of agricultural and industrial production and communication and transportation fields. Furthermore, science has greatly improved health care and many other facets of human life. Nevertheless, its success depends on the availability of natural resources.

Problem: Although some words have been changed, the ideas are borrowed and there is no indication of the source. You cannot simply replace words with their synonyms - this is not paraphrasing. To paraphrase an author’s ideas correctly, you must rewrite the ideas using your own words and your own writing style.

Solution: According to Pimental (1998), technology has greatly improved our standard of living. He cautions, however, that technological progress is dependent on natural resources.

Summarizing

Source text: But the firm that Walton started has a key asset, the 100 million US consumers who weekly go in search of its “everyday low prices”. Low they certainly are, averaging 14% less than the competition (5). The big question is: what is the real cost of these low prices? The answer depends on whether you are concerned with individual buyers looking for the best deal, or with the employees of thousands of suppliers that are in thrall to a company powerful enough to oblige each supplier to hold down, and even reduce, its costs. Workers suffer for the good of Wal-Mart customers. To keep prices rock-bottom in the stores and at the subcontractors, working conditions can only deteriorate. It is consequently easier for suppliers with no unions or for goods manufactured in China (see “Slaves of the stacked shelves”). Halimi, Serge. (2006). Wal-Mart, the new southern plantation. Le Monde Diplomatique, 1(5). Retrieved from http://mondediplo.com/2006/01/05walmart

You wrote: Halimi explains that Wal-Mart maintains its low prices by pressuring the producers and enabling bad work conditions on the supply end.

Problem: The summary is too concise and thus it does not preserve the full meaning of the original text.

Solution: Halimi believes that Wal-Mart’s 100 million US consumers are captive to its low prices, but they are blind to the fact that those prices are possible only because the company is pressuring the producers and fostering poor work conditions.

Back to top