Frequently asked questions (FAQ)

As a University of Ottawa student, it’s your responsibility to ensure the integrity of all your academic work. To do this, you need to understand how to avoid damaging your academic integrity by committing academic fraud, and what are the consequences of academic fraud. 

Examples of academic fraud

Academic fraud happens when a student engages in one of the following acts:

Acts Examples
Using words, sentences and ideas from various sources and passing them off as your own by deliberately or unintentionally failing to quote or reference them correctly. 
  • Forgetting to place words and sentences borrowed from other authors between quotation marks;
  • Treating information from the Internet as public information that you can copy and paste into your work without referencing it;
  • Translating texts without indicating the source and without referencing the original text;
  • Incorrectly paraphrasing or summarizing information.
Unauthorized collaboration
Working in collaboration with another student on individual assignments, so that the content of both students’ work is overly similar.
The use of false or deceptive information in an academic work.
  • Presenting research data that has been falsified or made up in any way;
  • Attributing a supposed statement of fact or reference to a source you have made up;
  • Falsifying an academic evaluation, misrepresenting an academic evaluation, using a forged or falsified academic record or supporting document, or facilitating the use of a falsified academic record or supporting document.
Unauthorized resubmission
Submitting the same work or significant part of it for more than one course, or for a thesis or other work, that has already been submitted elsewhere, without written authorization from the professors and/or the academic unit concerned.
  • Reusing an essay that you wrote for a class last year for a class that you are taking this year.
Changing or fabricating documents.
  • Changing the date on an old doctor’s note;
  • Changing or falsifying a student file/transcript.
Helping someone else commit academic fraud
  • Letting your friend see your finished work so he can compare his results with yours;
  • Leaving your exam exposed so that your friend can copy your answers;
  • Publishing the content of an essay, exam, assignment or lab report by posting it on a discussion forum, a social networking site or by any other means.
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