This overview of the elements of Canadian language policy allows us to grasp the intrinsic link between language and federalism in Canada.

We provided an overview of the legislative framework, the various principles and some tools for the public administration of languages in Canada. There are language rights in Canada, particularly in the area of official languages. Each province also takes action in the field of language and develops its own language management tools, although these are often comparable from one context to another.

However, Canada's language policy is also based on compromises between different groups and governments. Laws, policies, and initiatives are constrained by principles that may also limit their application. They also increasingly represent a complex representation of languages in the country, combining both the concept of compromise and linguistic rights, including in the field of indigenous languages, as well as the recognition of the equality of French and English both constitutionally and legally.